Fomerand 2009, p. 377.
Kennedy 2007, pp. 185, 188.
Fomerand 2009, pp. 70, 73.
Kennedy 2007, p. 192.
"About Us". Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
Fomerand 2009, pp. 348, 398.
"The United Nation
Manchester, William; Reid, Paul (2012). The Last Lion: Winston
Spencer Churchill. Volume 3: Defender of the Realm, 19401965.
New York: Little Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-54770-3.
Meisler, Stanley (1995). United Nations: The First Fifty Years.
United Nations Parliamentary Assembly. Jacques Fomerand states the
most enduring divide in views of the UN is "the NorthSouth split"
between richer Northern nations and developing Southern nations.
Southern nations tend to favour a more empowered UN with
rape, soliciting prostitutes, and sexual abuse during various
peacekeeping missions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo,
Haiti, Liberia, Sudan and what is now South Sudan, Burundi,
and Ivory Coast. Scientists cited UN peacekee
rose to power in 1501 and later conquered all of Iran. The ensuing
mandatory conversion of Iran to Twelver Shia Islam for the largely
Sunni population also ensured the final dominance of the Twelver sect
within Shiism over the Zaidi sect, the largest
region called Thuluth.
Islamic art encompasses the visual arts produced from the 7th century
onwards by people (not necessarily Muslim) who lived within the
territory that was inhabited by Muslim populations. It includes fields
as varied as architect
sign of commitment to the faith. They are (1) the creed (shahadah), (2)
daily prayers (salat), (3) almsgiving (zakah), (4) fasting during Ramadan
and (5) the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) at least once in a lifetime if you
are financially and physically able
o 5.1 Muhammad (610632)
o 5.2 Caliphate and civil strife (632750)
o 5.3 Classical era (7501258)
o 5.4 Pre-Modern era (125820th century)
o 5.5 Modern times (20th centurypresent)
o 6.1 Sunni
o 6.2 Shia
o 6.3 Sufism
o 6.4 Other de
the security of the community
the role of Medina as a sacred place (barring all violence and
the security of women
stable tribal relations within Medina
a tax system for supporting the community in time of conflict
Greene, David L. (14 February 2003). "Bush implores U.N. to show
'backbone'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
Singh, Jasvir (2008). Problem of Ethicity: Role of United Nations in
Kosovo Crisis. Unistar Books. p. 150. ISBN 9788171427017. Re
February 2003 (referring to UN uncertainty towards Iraqi provocations
under the Saddam Hussein regime) that "free nations will not allow the
United Nations to fade into history as an ineffective, irrelevant debating
society." In contrast, t
Assembly; every sitting judge must be from a different nation.
It is based in the Peace Palace in The Hague, sharing the building with
the Hague Academy of International Law, a private centre for the study
of international law. The ICJ's primary p
18 September Died in
Sweden 10 April 1953
3 U Thant
4 Kurt Waldheim
30 November 31 December
"Regular Budget 20122013" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 9
Fasulo 2004, p. 117.
Weiss & Daws 2009, p. 682.
Fasulo 2004, p. 115.
"Financing of UN Peacekeeping Operations". United Nations.
Retrieved 9 November 2013.
"Where Your Money
Book Review by Gail M. Gerhart in Foreign Affairs, March/April
"Q&A: Oil-for-food scandal". BBC News. 7 September 2005.
Retrieved 27 November 2013.
Fomerand 2009, pp. cviii.
Meisler 1995, p. 339.
Kennedy 2007, p. 290.
continue to respond to such crisis with inept improvisation. In 2004,
the UN faced accusations that its recently ended Oil-for-Food
Programmein which Iraq had been allowed to trade oil for basic needs
to relieve the pressure of sanctionshad suffered
Ritual prayers, called alh or alt (Arabic: ), must be performed
five times a day. Salat is intended to focus the mind on God, and is seen
as a personal communication with him that expresses gratitude and
worship. Salat is compulsory but flexibility in the
Along with the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement,
the UN often takes a leading role in co-ordinating emergency relief.
The World Food Programme (WFP), created in 1961, provides food aid
in response to famine, natural disasters, and ar
and that Al-Jahiz proposed a theory of natural selection. Rumi
wrote some of the finest Persian poetry and is still one of the best selling
poets in America. Legal institutions introduced include the trust
and charitable trust (Waqf).[
The Kaaba, in Mecca, Hejaz region, today's Saudi Arabia, is the center
of Islam. Muslims from all over the world gather there to pray in unity.
Islam (/slm/;[note 1] Arabic: , al-Islm IPA: [alislam] (
listen);[note 2] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion
one of three bodies with a mandate to oversee issues related to
indigenous peoples, held its first session in 2002.
Economic development and humanitarian assistance
Millennium Development Goals
1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
"UN welcomes South Sudan as 193rd Member State". United
Nations. 28 June 2006. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
"United Nations Member States". United Nations. Retrieved 22
"Charter of the United Nations: Chapter II". United Nations.
Osama bin Laden
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Bin Laden" and "Osama" redirect here. For other uses, see Bin Laden
(disambiguation), Osama (disambiguation), and Osama bin Laden
This is an Arabic name; the family name is bin Laden
contributions from member governments, corporations, and private
Evaluations, awards, and criticism
To mark the UN's 70th anniversary Budapest, 2015
See also: Criticism of the United Nations and Reform of the United
Margaret Chan 1948
16 WIPO Property
Francis Gurry 1974
World Meteorological Geneva,
In September 2013, the UN had peacekeeping soldiers deployed on 15
missions. The largest was the United Nations Organization Stabilization
Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), which
included 20,688 uniformed personnel. The smallest,
"1942: Declaration of The United Nations". United Nations.
Retrieved 1 July 2015.
Roll, David (4 January 2013). The Hopkins Touch: Harry Hopkins
and the Forging of the Alliance to Defeat Hitler. pp. 172175. Retrieved
2014-11-13. (subscription required (
solute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like
Belief in angels is fundamental to the faith of Islam. The Arabic word for
angel (Arabic: malak) means "messenger", like its counterparts in
Hebrew (malkh) and Greek (angelos). Acco
The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran: a contribution to the
decoding of the language of the Koran, Berlin, Verlag Hans
Schiler, 1 May 2007. ISBN 978-3-89930-088-8.
Puin, Gerd R. "Observations on Early Quran Manuscripts in
Sana'a", in The Quran as Text,
Fomerand 2009, p. 347.
"UN creates new human rights body". BBC News. 15 March 2006.
Retrieved 18 November 2013.
"Frequently Asked Questions: Declaration on the Rights of
Indigenous Peoples" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 18 November
Security Council. Chapter II, Article 4
resuming hostilities. Since the UN does not maintain its own military,
peacekeeping forces are voluntarily provided by member states. These
soldiers are sometimes nicknamed "Blue Helmets" for their distinctive
When the General Assembly votes on important questions, a two-thirds
majority of those present and voting is required. Examples of important
questions include recommendations on peace and security; election of
members to organs; admission, suspension, and
The UN Charter stipulates that each primary organ of the UN can
establish various specialized agencies to fulfil its duties. Some bestknown agencies are the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Food
and Agriculture Organization, UNESCO (United Nati
This map does not represent the view of its members or the UN
concerning the legal status of any country, nor does it accurately reflect
which areas' governments have UN representation. This map shows
partially recognized states such as Kosovo or Taiw