Exam 1 Review
What was Skinners concern about advances in other sciences and the science of human
There is no point in furthering a science of nature unless it includes a sizable
science of human nature, because only in that case will the resul
a fair and spacious circle. The herald came up,
carrying the clear-toned lyre for Demodocus,
who then moved to the centre. Around the singer
stood boys in the first bloom of youth, skilled dancers,
whose feet then struck the consecrated dancing ground.
and understands. From the way his body looks
he's no weaklingnot in his thighs and calves,
his thick neck and those two strong upper arms
lots of power there, no lack of youthful strength.
He's just exhausted by his many troubles.
The sea is bad at breaki
and test himself. You've made me so worked up.
In boxing, wrestling, or runningI don't care.
Any one at all from you Phaeacians,
all except Laodamas, for he's my host.
And what man fights against another man
who shows him hospitality? Anyone
yearning to get home, pleading my case
before your king and all the people.
Euryalus then replied by taunting Odysseus
right to his face:
No, no, stranger. I don't see you
as someone with much skill in competition
not a real man, the sort one often meets
when I relied upon my youth and strength,
I think I ranked among the very best.
Now I'm hurt and suffering, I'm holding back,
because I've gone through so much misery
in dealing with men's wars and painful waves.
But still, though I have undergone so much
I'm afraid that one of the Phaeacians
may outrun me, for in those many waves
I was badly beaten downon board ship
I did not have a large supply of food,
and so my legs are weak.
All the people there were silent. No one spoke.
Phaeacia's best, had walked along to watch the games.
So they made their way to the assembly ground.
A large crowd in their thousands followed them.
Many fine young men came forward to compete
Acroneus, Ocyalus, and Elatreus,
then Nauteus, Prymneus, a
Athena had poured an amazing poise on him,
across his shoulders and his head and made him look
taller and more powerful, so the Phaeacians
would welcome him, and he would win from them
respect and aweand prevail in competition,
the many rival contests whe
had been glad to see the finest of Achaeans
quarreling, for that's what he'd been told would happen,
when he'd crossed the stone threshold in sacred Pytho
to consult Phoebus Apollo in his oracle
and the god had answered him with this reply
that from this
Alcinous spoke and led them off. The sceptred kings
came after him, while a herald went to find
the godlike singer. Fifty-two hand-picked young men
went off, as Alcinous had ordered, to the shore
beside the restless sea. Once they'd reached the boat,
here to our home, although it was to her
that you first made your plea.
then said in answer to the king:
in this you must not criticize your daughter,
I beg you, for she is quite innocent.
She did indeed tell me to follow her
and went running over to Hephaestus' house,
eager to have sex with fair-crowned Aphrodite.
She'd just left the presence of her father Zeus,
mighty son of Cronos, and was sitting down.
Ares charged inside the house, clutched her hand, then spoke,
powerful Hephaestus then untied the netting.
Once they'd been released from their strong chains, both gods
jumped up immediatelyAres went off to Thrace,
and laughter-loving Aphrodite left for Paphos,
in Cyprus, where she has her sanctuary, her sacred alta
no matter how much they may be in love.
They'll both soon lose the urge to stay in bed.
But this binding snare will confine them here,
until her father gives back all those presents,
courting gifts I gave him for that shameless bitch
a lovely daughter but
your mother and your father and the others,
those in the town and in the countryside.
There's no one in the world, mean or noble,
who goes without a name once he's been born.
Parents give one to each of us at birth.
Tell me your country and your people,
and many islands lying around it
close togetherDulichium, Same,
forested Zacynthus. Ithaca itself,
low in the sea furthest from the mainland,
lies to the westwhile those other islands
are a separate group, closer to the Dawn
and rising Sun. It's a rugged
Meanwhile the Cicones set off and gathered up
their neighbours, tribesmen living further inland.
There are more of them, and they're braver men,
skilled at fighting enemies from chariots
and also, should the need arise, on foot.
They reached us in the mor
Ismarus, the Lotus Eaters, and the Cyclops
[Odysseus identifies himself and his origins to the Phaeacians; recounts his
first adventures after leaving Troy: the attack on the Cicones, the storm
sent from Zeus, the arrival in the land of the Lotu
May gods give you joyful prosperity.
And may you never miss this sword
which you are giving me. These words of yours
have made amends to me.
and slung the silver-studded sword around his shoulders.
As the sun went down, the splendid pre
you will recite the details of this story,
I'll tell all men how, of his own free will,
god gives poetic power to your song.
Odysseus spoke. And the minstrel, inspired by god,
began to sing to them, taking up the story
at the point where Argives, having b
his face grew wet with tears. Just as a woman cries,
as she prostrates herself on her dear husband
who's just been killed in front of his own city
and his people, trying to save his children
and the citizens from the day they meet their doom
as he dies, s
Then she addressed Odysseusher words had wings:
You must attend to the lid yourself,
and secure it quickly with a knot,
so no one robs you on your journey,
perhaps when you are lost in a sweet sleep
sometime later, as your black ship sails on.
They were already serving food and mixing wine.
A herald approached leading the faithful singer,
Demodocus, whom the people held in honour,
and sat him in the middle of the banquet,
leaning his chair against a lofty pillar.
Then shrewd Odysseus, as he was
let's give him gifts of friendship, as is right.
Twelve distinguished kings are rulers here
and govern in this land, and I myself
am the thirteenth king. Let each of you
bring a fresh cloak and tunic, newly washed,
and a talent of pure gold. All of this
Far-shooting lord Apollo,
I wish there were three times as many nets,
impossible to break, and all you gods
were looking on, if I could like down there,
alongside golden Aphrodite.
At Hermes' words,
laughter arose from the immortal deities.
Odysseus is Entertained in Phaeacia
[Odysseus attends the Phaeacian assembly; Alcinous outlines a proposal to
assist Odysseus; young men prepare a boat for Odysseus; Demodocus sings
of an old quarrel between Odysseus and Achilles, which makes O
say it is the most remote of places.1
They went there and, without any effort,
made the journey home in the same day.
So you, too, will discover for yourself
I have the finest ships and young men, too,
who toss salt water with their oar blades.
from the gods. But let me eat my dinner,
though I'm in great distress. For there's nothing
more shameless than a wretched stomach,
which commands a man to think about its needs,
even if he's really sad or troubles
weigh down his heart, just the way my spi
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Applied Behavior Analysis &
Shahla AlaiRosales, Ph.D.,
Administration on Ageing
US Department of Health and Human
What Is Gerontology?