Notes on the calculation of ionization energy
Except for wiggles, ionization energy proportional to atomic number.
Rare gas to alkali metal: precipitous drop in ionization energy.
All alkali metals have low ionization energies; noble gases have relatively
Notes on the use of Avogradors number
See notes in notebook.
100%. Avogadros number is very big (apparently that was the point).
Major and minor components of air concentration units
Air pollutants and the AQI
Air quality standards
Classification of matte
Notes on Seasonal variation of the ozone hole 2008
Considering ozone levels above your spot on earth: have to ask who much protective ozone is
above you! How does it compare with the amount of ozone above antartica?
We can use the NASA link at the Online
Notes on the calculation of Formal charges
Assign formal charges if needed to help choose between structures. The best structure
is the one with the smallest amount of charge separation. Its also a good check for
Lets apply the rules to t
Notes on Naming Compounds
There are two systems common (trivial) and systematic; we will focus on systematic.
Naming two-element compounds the more metallic compound (towards the left side of
the periodic table) is named first, the less metallic compounds
Notes on the absorption rates of UV radiation
Some UV radiation is absorbed by ozone
Slick bottle; turns blue when exposed to UV; more a marketing gimmick than useful.
100 = 1; average intensity of UV light above atmosphere
Notes on the atomic structure of ozone molecules
The atomic number is the number of protons in the nucleus and gives the atom its
The number of electrons equals the number of protons in a neutral atom.
Ions have unequal numbers of protons and el
Notes on the concentration of ozone molecules
What is the range of altitudes in which ozone olecules ar more conentarated then the
What is the maximum number of oze molecules per billion molecules and atoms of all types
found in the stratosphe
Notes on the evaluation of chemical and molecular bonds
The central element is most likely the one furthest to the left on the periodic table (except
Carbon bonds to 2, 3 or 4 elements, nitrogen to 1(rare), 2 or 3 (common) and oxygen to
1 (rare), 2 (c
Notes on oxidation reactions and their uses as catalyst
Typical test shown at right (not necessarily Texas) monitors four gases at different
speeds (blue line) emissions (red line) under limits (green line) are OK.
Monitoring auto emissions, Catalytic con