He examined the effects of religion on economic activities and noticed that
heavily Protestant societies, such as those in the Netherlands, England,
Scotland, and Germany, were the most highly developed capitalist societies and
that their mo
When filling out a document such as a job application or school registration form you are
often asked to provide your name, address, phone number, birth date, and sex or gender.
But have you ever been asked to provide your sex and your gender?
Its worth noting that race, in this sense, is also a system of labeling that provides a
source of identity; specific labels fall in and out of favor during different social eras.
The category negroid, popular in the 19th century, evolved into the
Homosexual women (also referred to as lesbians), homosexual men (also referred to as
gays), and bisexuals of both genders may have very different experiences of discovering
and accepting their sexual orientation.
At the point of puberty,
Durkheim and Religion
In the wake of 19th century European industrialization and secularization, three
social theorists attempted to examine the relationship between religion and
society mile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx.
They are among the founding
Historically, the concept of race has changed across cultures and eras, eventually
becoming less connected with ancestral and familial ties, and more concerned with
superficial physical characteristics.
In the past, theorists have posited ca
Finally, religion promotes social control: It reinforces social norms such as
appropriate styles of dress, following the law, and regulating sexual behavior.
Conflict theorists view religion as an institution that helps maintain patterns
Cults and Sects
In modern America this term often carries pejorative connotations. However,
almost all religions began as cults and gradually progressed to levels of greater
size and organization.
The term cult is sometimes used interchangeably with the t
The term minority connotes discrimination, and in its sociological use, the term
subordinate can be used interchangeably with the term minority, while the term dominant
is often substituted for the group thats in the majority.