Otitis media (OM) is an inflammation of the middle ear with or without an
infection. Recurrent OM is defined as 3 or more episodes w/i 12 months.
o Serous OM or otitis media with effusion: Occurs when obstruction of the
Eustachian tube is pro
Exemplars: DVT & Hemophilia
Venous thrombosis: When a blood clot forms on the wall of a vein and is
accompanied by inflammation of the vein wall and some degree of obstructed
venous blood flow.
DVT: A thrombosis located in a deep vein in th
Cellulitis: is an acute streptococcal or staphylococcal infection of the dermis and the
underlying tissue. It is usually caused by staphylococcus aureus. Cellulitis can occur
as an extension of a skin wound, as an ulcer, or from furuncles or carbuncles. I
Cellulitis: is defined as an acute inflammatory bacterial infection of the dermis and
subcutaneous tissue. It usually affects the face and lower extremities. It begins with
a portal of entry into the dermis. A break in the skin allows normal flora to mult
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma (the respiratory bronchioles and alveoli) as a result of infection is
known as pneumonia.
PathophysiologyThe most common means of entry is aspiration of microbe-containing secretions from the oropharynx.
Pathophysiology and Etiology
The appendix is a tubelike pouch attached to cecum just below ileocecal valve
It is usually located in the right iliac region McBurney point
Obstruction of proximal lumen of the appendix is apparent in most acutel
UTI urinary tract infection. The urinary tract is usually sterile above the urethra.
Adequate urine volume, a free flow from the kidneys through the urinary meatus,
and complete bladder emptying are the most important mechanisms of maintaining
IM injections: -20-25 gauge 1inch needle
o ( DTaP, Hib, HepA, HepB, HPV, MCV, PVC, IPV)
o Pain medications
o Sedative agents
IM injection sites:
Upper later arm (deltoid)
Anterolateral thigh (vastus lat