Introduction to the Study of Language
Meeting time and place: MWF 10-11a, HRG 100
Wed 11a-noon, and by appointment
Email me if you need to take the midterm
early; I will make arrangements with you
We will have a review session next
Wednesday, the day your HW is due
The exam is multiple-choice mostly, and
will be administered in-class
I will hol
& HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE
Yesterday, I went to the store.
I went to the store yesterday.
To the store I went yesterday.
*Store yesterday I went to the.
*I went the to store yesterday.
*I went to store the yesterd
Syllables and stress
Allomorphy: Relations between
Phonology and Morphology
We've seen that the organization of sounds in
a language is systematic (rule-governed).
Languages permit or do not permit certain
Discourse & Information
Discourse & Methods of
acquiring linguistic data
Traditional ways of getting data
Make up sentences yourself
Ask other people if they think a particular sentence makes
Ask people how to say something (words or s
LING 200 / ANTH 200
INTRODUCTION TO THE
STUDY OF LANGUAGE
Why is language something worth studying in the first place?
What do we do with language?
What do we mean when we talk about language (rather than
The study of the form and structural distribution of words
Phonetics = sounds, Morphology = words & word formation
But, what is a word?
Parts of words
What do we mean, parts of words?
Phonological analysis seeks to answer the following questions:
I. Are the sounds in question:
A. separate phonemes?
B. (or) allophones of the same phoneme?
II. If the sounds are allophones of the
Many languages have much more morphology than English does
e.g., Greek, Finnish,
Turkish, Sanskrit, Latin,
Swahili, Koasati, Hungarian
Some languages have less
Some languages hav
ARGUMENTS: SUBJECTS, OBJECTS
English verbs ('predicates') can't form a sentence alone
They require at least one NP (one 'argument')
Different verbs require different numbers of NPs
That is, they subcategorize for differe