Chapter 42: Postoperative Atelectasis
1. What definition of atelectasis would best fit that of a premature newborn with respiratory
distress syndrome (RDS)?
a. Partial or total collapse of previously expanded lung regions
b. Free pleural a
Chapter 34: Respiratory Distress Syndrome
1. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) primarily affects infants who are:
a. pre-term with insufficient surfactant.
c. post-term with too much surfactant.
d. pre-term with too much su
Chapter 13: Bronchiectasis
1. Patients with bronchiectasis can have the following anatomic alterations:
2. Pulmonary embolism
a. 1, 3
b. 1, 4
c. 2, 3, 4
d. 1, 2, 3
Chapter 29: Myasthenia Gravis
1. Myasthenia gravis:
1. interferes with acetylcholine transmission.
2. causes weakness of voluntary muscles.
3. is an ascending paralysis starting in the legs.
4. is usually preceded by a viral infection.
Chapter 26: Cancer of the Lung
1. Benign tumors:
1. are metastatic.
2. grow slowly.
3. are usually encapsulated.
4. grow in a disordered manner.
c. 2, 3
d. 1, 3, 4
Benign tumors grow slowly and are encapsulated. Because of
Chapter 25: Interstitial Lung Diseases
1. All of the following are anatomic alterations of the lungs that may be found with the chronic
stage of interstitial lung disease (ILD) EXCEPT:
c. interstitial thickening.
Chapter 22: Pneumothorax
1. What are the anatomic alterations that occur when a person has a pneumothorax?
1. The lung on the affected side collapses.
2. The visceral and parietal pleura separate.
3. The visceral pleura adheres to the pari
Chapter 31: Newborn and Early Childhood Respiratory Disorders
1. Early clinical manifestations of an infant with respiratory distress include:
2. substernal retractions.
3. expiratory grunting.
a. 1, 3
b. 2, 4
Chapter 11: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Chronic Bronchitis, and
1. is most closely associated with chronic bronchitis.
2. is most closely associated with cystic fibrosis.
3. leads to the destructio
Chapter 17: Tuberculosis
1. Your patient has been found to have tuberculosis (TB) in several organs of the body. What
term is used to describe this situation?
a. Primary TB
b. Postprimary TB
c. Disseminated TB
d. Multiorgan TB
Chapter 20: Pulmonary Embolism
1. The death of lung tissue that may result from an obstruction of the pulmonary artery is
a. pulmonary embolism.
b. pleural effusion.
c. pulmonary infarction.
d. pulmonary empyema.
Chapter 24: Kyphoscoliosis
1. Posterior curvature of the spine best describes:
b. spina bifida.
Kyphosis is a posterior curve of the spine (humpback). Kyphoscoliosis is a combination of
Chapter 28: Guillain-Barr Syndrome
1. The peripheral nervous system problems found with Guillain-Barr syndrome include:
1. loss of reflexes.
2. increased reflex reactions.
3. flaccid paralysis of skeletal muscles.
4. tetany of skeletal mus
Chapter 21: Flail Chest
1. While assessing a patient who was involved in a serious car crash and hit his steering wheel,
you notice that his left anterior chest wall caves in during inspiration. What could cause
Chapter 16: Lung Abscess
1. During the early stages of a lung abscess, the pathological process is the same as that of:
a. pulmonary edema.
b. bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
d. pulmonary fibrosis.
Because a lung abscess a
Chapter 18: Fungal Diseases of the Lung
1. Anatomic alterations found in the lungs of patients with a fungal infection include:
1. fibrosis of lung parenchyma.
2. alveolar-capillary destruction.
4. mucosal edema.
a. 1, 2
Chapter 39: Croup Syndrome: Laryngotracheobronchitis and Acute Epiglottitis
1. When a patient has laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB) what is the primary anatomic alteration
that is found?
a. Edema of the mucous membranes
b. Airway smooth muscl
Chapter 33: Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn
1. Initially, TTN will have a clinical presentation similar to:
a. the early stage of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).
b. the late stage of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).
Chapter 32: Meconium Aspiration Syndrome
1. How may a fetus respond when he/she becomes hypoxemic?
a. It stops making breathing efforts.
b. It makes rapid, shallow chest movements.
c. It makes very deep, gasping inspiratory movements.
Chapter 35: Pulmonary Air Leak Syndromes
1. What preexisting condition is often being treated in a premature neonate who develops a
pulmonary air leak syndrome?
a. Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS)
b. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
Chapter 23: Effusion and Empyema
1. The anatomic alteration caused by a pleural effusion is:
a. pulmonary fibrosis.
b. separation of the visceral and parietal pleura.
c. adhesion of the visceral and parietal pleura.
d. pulmonary edema.
Chapter 30: Sleep Apnea
1. All of the following are found during rapid eye movement sleep, EXCEPT:
a. the diaphragm functions normally.
b. the person is easy to awaken.
c. dreaming occurs.
d. skeletal muscles are paralyzed.
Chapter 37: Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
1. A very preterm infant has just been born. What would contribute to its development of the
new bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)?
a. Interruption of the canalicular stage of lung development
Chapter 40: Near Drowning
1. A 10-year-old girl was rescued from a school swimming pool. She was unconscious and
transported to the hospital. There, she awakened and it was found that her lungs were dry
and normal. What could cause her to
Chapter 36: Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection (Bronchiolitis or Pneumonitis)
1. A respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection will cause the following anatomic alterations
of the lungs:
1. chemical pneumonitis of the small airways.
Chapter 27: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
1. Your patient has acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). All of the following materials
will be found in her alveoli, EXCEPT:
b. cellular debris.
d. hyaline m
Chapter 38: Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
1. All of the following anatomic alterations may be found in a patient with a congenital
diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), EXCEPT:
a. lungs are compressed.
Chapter 19: Pulmonary Edema
1. As pulmonary edema progressively worsens, the fluid moves in the following sequence:
a. Peribronchial interstitial spaces, bronchi, trachea
b. Alveoli , bronchioles, bronchi
c. Bronchioles, bronchi, trachea
Chapter 12: Asthma
1. If an asthmatic patient is not properly treated and has long-term airway inflammation, what
a. Chronic bronchitis
b. Pulmonary fibrosis
c. Irreversible loss of airway caliber
If an asthm
Chapter 14: Cystic Fibrosis
1. During the advanced stages of cystic fibrosis, the anatomic alterations cause the patient to
a. a primarily restrictive lung disease.
b. a primarily obstructive lung disease.
c. equal parts restrictive