The Three Phases of Gastric Secretion:
Cephalic Phase: (Before food enters the stomach)
The sight, smell, taste, or thought of food triggers Hypothalamus to send
nervous impulse to Medulla Oblongata.
Impulses cause parasympathetic neurons to travel thro
12. CCK (Cholecystokinin): Stimulates bile secretion through the cystic duct, where it travels to the
common bile duct and then to the duodenum.
Secretin: It stimulates liver to secrete bile, inhibits parietal and chief cells; stimulates pancreas, liver a
20. Come back to 20.
21. Average normal core body temp range: 98.6 F/37 +&- 5 C.
Metabolic activities help maintain temp homeostasis, but some energy is lost by the body in the form of
Conduction (Heat=Warmer=Cooler, between objects that are
What are the traits that plants adapted in order to thrive on land?
Diagram the alternation of generations in plants. Know which is diploid &
haploid, & what each generation produces. Which generation is dominant in
1) Know the requirements of individual animals cells. What theme of biology does this represent?
2) Define: Tissue, Organ, Organ System. Know the four basic tissue types among animals.
3) Know the four types of epithelial tissue, the organs tha
Neuronal Signaling and the Structure of the Nervous System
Describe the major components of the nervous system and the direction of
information flow within and among them. Compare afferent to efferent pathways.
Afferent pathway is the input to
Describe the function of sensory receptors, and explain how they
perform that function. For each of the senses, name the receptor class,
and the modality of the stimulus. Define sensory unit.
Sensory Unit is a single afferent
Control of Cells by Chemical Messengers
Define ligand, source cell, and target cell.
Ligands are a chemical messenger
Source cells produce the ligand
Target cells has the receptors and respond to the messenger
Discuss what is meant by the term
What is genome, chromosome &
What type of genome do all cells have?
What type does the virus have?
What is genotype & phenotype?
How does the great length of DNA get
packaged inside cells?
Who are the two scientists that won
1. Which of the following are pyogenic cocci:
D. all of these
2. The coagulase test is used to differentiate Staphylococcus aureus from
A. other staphylococci
1. What scientist received a Nobel prize for discovering transposons?
2. Who died before they could receive the Nobel Prize for helping
discovering the structure of DNA?
3. What type of mutation occurs during DNA repl
CH 8,9, 18 & 19
1. What scientist received a nobel prize for discovering transposons?
A. James Watson
B. Barbara McClintock
C. Fanny Hesse
D. Rosalind Franklin
2. Who died before they could receive the Nobel Prize for helping discovering the
February 11, 2016
Tuesday/Thursday 10:10am 11:45am
Given that the passing of alleles into gametes is random, if we observe one gamete (egg or sperm) of an individual at a
Biol 1406 Exam 2 Review
Chapter 5- Membrane Structure, synthesis and Transport
Concepts to know
Structure of plasma membrane Components of plasma membrane
Most accepted model
Be able to explai
Name: Edreih Aldana
Lab: Lab #18, Gel Electrophoresis
Due Date: 11/21/15
The main purpose of this experiment was to learn about the gel electrophoresis process by
conducting a mock criminal investigation, analyzing the data, and interpreting the r
Name: Edreih Aldana
Lab: Lab #9, Enzymes, Effects of Substrate Concentration on Catalase Activity
Due Date: 10/23/15
The main purpose of this experiment was to learn about the effects of substrate concentration
on catalase activity.
Name: Edreih Aldana
Lab: Lab #3, Chemical Composition of Cells, test for proteins
Due Date: 09/26/15
The main purpose of this experiment was to learn more about the chemical composition of
organic macromolecules. Several solutions were tested with
Chapter 27 Archaea and Bacteria Study Guide
1. Name the three domains?
2. Name the two prokaryotic domains?
3. Describe the characteristics of Domain Bacteria?
4. Describe the characteristics of Domain Archaea?
5. List and draw the four common forms of ba
Chapter 26- Taxonomy and Systematics Study Guide
1. Define the following terms
f. Phylogenetic tree
2. What are the three domains of life?
3. As you have studied in the past (Biology I) domain Eu
Chapter 24-Population Genetics Study guide
1. Define evolution?
2. Name the processes involved in mechanism of evolution?
3. Genetics Study of genes and genotypes in a population
i. A Population can be defined _
ii. A Gene pool is _
Population genetics de
Chapter 25 Macroevolution and Speciation Worksheet
Evolution can be defined as _
Evolution happening at the level of alleles in population is called _
Macroevolution refers to evolutionary changes that produce new species.
Chapter 22- Origin and History of life Study Guide
History of earth - timeline
Universe began with the Big Bang _
The Earth is _billion years old
Earth had cooled enough for outer layers to solidify and oceans to form 4 bya
Life emerged between - 4 and 3.
Chapter 4: General Features of Cells
All organisms are made of one or more _. A cell is the simplest
collection of matter that can live (everything weve discussed so faratoms, molecules,
macromolecules, are NOT alive). Were finally talking about biology!
Chapter 2: The Chemical Basis of Life I: Atoms, Molecules, and Water
Matter, Elements, and Compounds
Everything is made of matter, including living organisms. Matter is anything that takes
up _ and has _. Matter has many
Matter is made of
Chapter 1: An Introduction to Biology
Biology = the scientific study of _
The TWELVE Principles of Biology (figure 1.4 on page 3 of the textbook):
1. Cells are the simplest units of life
a. The _ theory states that
i. All organisms are made of cells