When an organization needs to change its strategy in a manner that is
inconsistent with existing values and beliefs, culture can become
problematic. These types of changes are usually strongly resisted and,
when forced, tend to harm morale. In the 1980s I
From an implementation perspective, systems thinking means that
managers must have a clear idea of how changes to strategy are likely to
impact other parts of the organization. In the next section we introduce a
model that will help us to understand syste
We often define implementation as executing a plan or putting a plan into
action. The focus is often on employee buy-in and leadership or personal
influence is considered the key ingredient. Leadership and personal
influence CAN be importan
The notion that we can think about strategy as a plan or strategy as an
outcome of an autonomous process, led to the distinction between planned
strategy and realized strategy. This is discussed in the text on p. 14.
You can have a plan that is never real
You should go here for a nice concise explanation of the model and each of
the elements. Later we will read H&Fs article and discuss each of the
above elements in some detail. For now, I simply want you to have a way
to think about what a strategy is. REM
One stakeholder group that is particularly problematic is
management. In publically held organizations managers act as
agents for the stockholders. Due to information asymmetries
managers have the potential to maximize their own utility at the
Here are a few points that I would like to add:
Any of the four basic types of culture are viable. The only bad
culture is one that doesnt fit with the organizations strategy and
The bulls-eye portion of the diagram reflects two negative zones
Mechanistic structures are focused on efficiency and tend to be centralized,
formal (everything is in writing), and have a high degree of specialization.
Communication tends to be top down and authority lines are well defined.
McDonalds fits this descript
Mission Statement - Governing Ideas
There are at least three governing ideas that are the centerpiece for
effective strategic management. These governing ideas, collectively, are
often referred to as a mission statement. They define the business
Although your text doesnt make this distinction, most organizations create
two different types of goals: strategic and tactical.
Strategic goals are broad outcomes toward which efforts are directed.
They are not measurable and long term in nature. H