Chapter 4 Notes-Energy, Chemistry, and Society 26 March 2008
4.1-Energy, Work and Heat
-Energy is the capacity to do work. Work is done when movement occurs against a restraining force. Mathematically, work is equal to th
Chapter 1 Notes 20 January 2008
Chemistry and Matter
-Chemistry is the study of matter, also considered the central science. -Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. -Mass is the amount of a certain substance; an object's mass never cha
1. Chemistry and matter.
2. States of matter: Solids, Liquids, and gases.
3. Classification of matter into elements, compounds, homogeneous mixtures and
4. Elements and the Periodic Table:
1. The yeast plays the role of a catalyst, assisting in expediting the break down
of H2O2 into 2H2O and O2. Unlike the sodium bicarbonate that combines with
Chlorine to make NaCl, the yeast is not fully used up. Also, it does not
Chapter 3—The Chemistry of Global Warming
25 March 2008
3.1—In the Greenhouse: Earth’s Energy Balance
-The beautiful blue-green ball we inhabit has an average annual temperature of 15°C (59°F).
-Both Venus and Earth are warmer than one would expect based
What is chemistry?
It is the study of matter
o Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space
o Mass is the amount of matter that is present in something
o Weight is force of gravitational attraction between two things
Lab # 1 Questions 1.
Looking at the class results, can you make any generalizations? For example, do potato chips have more or less fat than tortilla chips? Looking at the other results from our classmates on the data sheet, it can be
Lab #7 Questions To Be Answered: 1. The tetrahedral shape is one of the most fundamental shapes in chemical compounds. How would you describe it in words to someone ho has never seen it? Basically it is one atom surrounded by four others, that are pl
1. Atomic structure and Periodicity
- Subatomic particles: electron, proton, and neutron
- Model for atom: nucleus and electron shells
- Atomic number, mass number, and identity of an atom
- Electron distributi
Chem Test #3
i. Taste sour
ii. Neutralize base
iii. Get neutralized by base
iv. Produce H+ in aqueous solutions
v. pH less than 7
vi. Turns litmus red
i. Strong Acids
Chapter 3: The Green Effect
Average heat from the sun
Estimated average temperature on the earth -18 degrees Celsius
Actual average temperature 15 degrees Celsius
(-18 degrees C x 9/5)+32= -.4 degrees Fahrenheit
(15 degrees C x 9/5)
Terms thatneed to be deﬁned: ‘
Energy is the capacity to do work.
I Work is movement against
a force (w = f X d).
Heat is energy that ﬂows from a
hotter to a colder object.
Temperature determines the direction
of heat ﬂow.-
Heat is aconsequence
Chapter 5, 7th Edition
1. Desirable properties of drinking water.
2. Distribution of water on earth.
3. Lewis structure and molecular geometry of water.
4. Electronegativity and bond polarity.
5. Relationship between molecular structure, bond po
Chapter 6, 7th Edition
1. Definitions, examples, and properties of acids and bases
2. Relative strengths of acids and bases.
Strong Acids: HCl, HBr, HI, HNO3, H2SO4, HClO4
Strong Bases: hydroxides of group 1 and group 2 (Ca, Sr, and Ba hydroxide
Maintain the pH of ocean
o Co2 + h20 -> h2co3
Hco3- bicarbonate, co2-carbonate
Isotopes same never of protons, different numbers of neutrons
Same atomic number, different mass numbers
What makes the nucleus unst
Chapter 3 (7th Edition)
1. Greenhouse effect and its relationship to the evolution of the earth and its atmosphere.
Earths average temperature - expected vs. actual.
Earths early atmosphere vs. present atmosphere.
Earths energy balance and gr
Chapter 10/11 topics and HW
Chapter 10: sections 1 and 2
Introduction to organic chemistry
Condensed structural formulas
Why do we eat? What do we eat?
SOUTHERN METHODIST UNIVERSITY
Course: CHEM 1301
Course Title: CHEMISTRY FOR LIBERAL ARTS
Class Number: 2755
Credit Hours: 3
Semester: Fall 2013
Instructor: Helen Babbili
Office: Dedman Life Science Bldg. Room 339
Both starch and cellulose contain glucose
Starch is the primary carbohydrate component
Proteins are an essential part of every living cell. They are also major
components in hair, skin, and muscle; and they transport oxygen, nutrients,
Experiment #17 Pre Lab
CHEM 1301 N20
1. The objective of this experiment is to investigate the reactions of 3 common acids
(hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, and nitric acid) when they are mixed with certain
substances like marble,
Pre lab Questions
1. The objective of the experiment is to investigate in more detail the reaction
between sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO3 and hydrochloric acid, HCl.
2. The over view of the experiment are as follows:
a. Label a
Chapter 1: the study of matter
Chemistry: the study of matter
Matter: anything that has mass and takes up some space (volume)
Mass: the amount of matter that is present in something
Mass and weight can be used interchangeably
Weight changes with altitud
Experiment 6 post lab questions
1. Like a tripod, the tetrahedral shape has one molecule at the top, comparable
to where a camera would be on a tripod, which is attached to a central atom
that connects three bases. All of these molecules surrounding the c
Chapter 7: Radiation
Rapidly dividing cells are particularly susceptible to damage by ionizing
Used for treating cancer/can cause cancer
Radiation is bad but it can be used for good when treating for cancer. It
targets the bad cells instead of t