GAMETES IN FEMALE:
OVA PRODUCTION IN THE OVARY
The total supply of eggs
are present at birth.
Ability to release eggs
begins at puberty.
ends at menopause.
Oocyte are matured in
Identify factor regulating puberty.
State the stages of puberty.
Compare secondary sexual characteristics
between male and female.
Relate hormonal levels with stages and
characteristics of puberty.
Distinguish spontaneous from
Describe mechanism of ovulation.
Describe maturation of oocytes.
Identify structure of an oocyte.
FOLLICLES AND OVULATION
The ovaries contain eggs stored in
Definition of fertilization & syngamy.
Able to describe:
Modes of fertilization.
Mechanism of fertilization.
Sperm & oocyte factors in fertilization.
Gametes- oocyte, sperm.
Define gametogenesis & related terms.
Compare spermatogenesis & oogenesis.
Identify process & stages in gametogenesis.
Identify the morphology of gametes.
Explain hormonal regulation in
Able to identify & locate the macro & micro
structures & functions of the male & female
Explain spermatogenesis, oogenesis & the
regulatory mechanisms as well as the
Trace the route of sperm and oocyte
List, compare and describe
different types, modes,
mechanisms of reproduction with
Give the definition on the various
terms in reproduction.
State stages and process in
What is REPRODUCTION
Instructor: Nurdiana Samsulrizal &
The digestive system contributes to homeostasis by
transferring nutrients, water and electrolytes from the
external environment to the internal environment.
Bio Mid Term 2 Questions
1. Which is NOT a common feature between the mitochondria and chloroplasts
a. Each has their own genome
b. Each reproduces themselves by binary fission
c. Each is the site of oxidative phosphorylation (*just mitoch. Is)
d. Each ha
Biology Mid Term Question:
Which of the following is NOT one of the 12 unifying principles of life as defined in
Living organisms use energy
Living organisms are capable of movement
Living Organisms interact with their enviro
Chapter 14: Study Questions
1. Mutation: heritable change in DNA sequence; essential for genetic diversity
2. Point mutations: one base pair is affected; substitution vs. add/deletion
a. Silent: no affect on aa sequence; often in 3rd base position in codo
Chapter 15: Study Questions
1. Cytogenetics: field of genetics involving microscopic examination of chromosomes and cell division
2. Karyotype: reveals number, size, and form of chromosomes in an actively dividing cell
3. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosom
Chapter 12: Study Questions
1. Gene Expression: gene function at the level of traits or at the molecular level
2. Archbold Garrod
a. Proposed a relationship between genes and production of enzymes
b. Studied inborn errors (inherited mutations) of metaboli
Chapter 7: Study Questions
1. What is cellular respiration and what is its goal? What does aerobic
respiration consume and what does it release? What is its primary fuel?
a. Cellular Respiration: metabolic reactions that a cell uses to get
energy from foo
Chapter 11: Study Questions
1. 4 Criteria for Genetic Material:
a. Information to construct organism
b. Replication accurately to preserve information
c. Transmission from Part to offspring
d. Variation to explain differences within and between species
Chapter 9: Study Questions
1. Cell Communication: detecting and responding to extracellular signals
a. Conformational changes of a receptor lead to response in cell
b. Apoptosis: signal causes a cell to die
c. Cellular Response: ability to change at cellu
Chapter 6: Study Questions
1. What is energy? What are two forms of energy? What type of energy is
chemical energy? Be familiar with some examples of chemical/potential
a. Energy=ability to do work
b. Kinetic: movement; Potential: stored (includes
Chapter 4: Cell Biology
1. What are the three parts of the cell theory?
a. All cells come from other cells, cells are the smallest unit of life, all
organisms have cells
2. What are three important parameters in microscopy?
a. Resolution: ability to see t
Chapter 5: Study Questions
1. Know the structure and composition of the plasma membrane. What parts
are hydrophobic and which are hydrophilic?
a. Amphipathic Phospholipid bi-layer: 2 asymmetrical sheets
i. Phosphate heads- hydrophilic
ii. Fatty acid tails
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Osai Clarke A00318465 Biology 2423.1L-Evolution T i tle: Di rected molecular evolution in plant improvement a) E volution has provided life in all its forms a path to better i tself, in that I mean evolution has put together panaceas to all kind of enviro
Q: I am a bit confused about this whole endosperm situation. The gametophytye in angiosperms is 2n (has "polar bodies") and then a sperm adds and it becomes 3n. How does the angiosperm end up having a 2n gametophyte in the first place? What are these