Events of Inflammation
Fill in the missing information on the chart
Cut on arm triggers inflammatory response
blood vessel increases in diameter
cell in tissue
Increase or Decrease
Pioneers in Microbiology
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Single lens microscope
Observed live Bacteria
Drawings of bacteria shapes
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Single Lens Microscope
The Chemistry of Life
Anything that has mass and occupies space
States of matter:
1. Soliddefinite shape and volume
2. Liquiddefinite volume, changeable shape
3. Gaschangeable shape and volume
Capacity to do work or put matter into motion
Blood Cell Categories
Fill in the missing information based on clue.
(mother cell to all blood cells)
Red Blood cells
carry O2 to tissue
Forms fibrin clots
Cells: The Structural Units of Life
What is Life?
Are composed of cells
Are able to reproduce
Have a metabolism
React to stimuli
Barnacles are a living
What are viruses?
Review: Normal Flora and Disease Processes
A. What are the three symbiotic relationships between microbes and the
B. Define Normal flora.
C. How and when is normal flora acquired on/in the human body?
D. Where in t
Microbiology Lab Slide Review
Lab Exam II
Capsule Stain: Demo slide
Capsule: Clear area around
In lab, we used Nigrosine stain to stain background dark and crystal violet to stain
Bacteria cell purple
Capsule Stain: Demo s
of the Skeletal
Bones are important mineral reservoirs
Mostly calcium but other ions as well
Most abundant mineral in body
12 kg (24 lb)
~99% deposited in skeleton
Variety of physiological functions
What is a tissue?
A tissue is a group of similar cells and cell products
that arise from the same region of the embryo
and work together to perform a specific structural
or physiological role in an organ.
There are four
The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves
In the region of the future spinal cord, the
neural tube organizes itself into
neuron cell bodies
gray matter and
The Spinal Cord: Emb
Bacteria Cell Structures
Gel-like layer that adheres to
external surface of the cell wall
or both (glycoprotein)
Protects from dehydration
Adhere bacteria to each other
REVIEW FOR LAB EXAM II
1. Know the following stain techniques and the stains/chemicals
used in each:
Endospore Stain-Schaeffer-Fulton Method (malachite green/safranin)
Acid-Fast Stain-Ziehl-Neelson Method(carbol fuschin/acid-alcohol/methyl blue
OBJECTIVE: During this lab, you will learn to identify the bones of the skull, their
markings, articulations, and spell each correctly.
The following list of bone structures are to be identified and learned during the lab period
and on your own
Smooth Muscle and Cardiac
What is smooth muscle?
The muscle in the walls of the bodys hollow organs
is almost entirely smooth muscle.
Smooth muscle is found in blood vessels, digestive
organs, respiratory structures, and more.
WELCOME TO MICROBIOLOGY!
This course is a general microbiology course designed for students entering the Allied Health Profession
such as: nursing, respiratory therapy, dental hygiene, pharmacy, most physicians assistant programs,
most clinical lab scienc
Chemical Disruption of the Nervous
A neurotoxin is a toxin that specifically acts on
Neurotoxins can be classified as:
Exogenous: toxins introduced from the external
Endogenous: toxins prod
Muscles and Exercise
First, a review
Muscles use different pathways to produce ATP:
Humans have a high capacity to expend energy for many hours doing
However, muscle energy conversio
The following is a detailed summary
of Humoral Immunity
Ab is abbreviation for Antibody
17% of Human blood serum
composed of Antibodies
Produced by B-cells called
What is meant be the term Nonspecific as it relates to the human
B. Does nonspecific resistant mechanisms create memory in the
C. Mechanical defenses List them and how they act as a physical
The Integumentary System
The Skin is the
about 15% of
Layers of Skin
consists of two
Thick and Thin Skin
Thick skin co
Be sure to review the following concepts for Exam I. This review by NO means attempts to cover all of
the information given in lecture. Use this outline as an extra study aid in preparing for the exam.
I. Historical Roots of Microbiology
A. Know each of t
Review: Cell Mediated and Humoral Immunity
Define immunogenicity as it relates to reactivity.
What is immunological tolerance? What happens if it is lost?
What is the importance of MHC receptors ?
Regions and Organization of the
Adult brain regions
Brain stem (midbrain, pons, and medulla)
Embryology of the Brain