5.1 Exercises and Problems
Name the pattern of inheritance based on its description:
The heterozygotes phenotype is intermediate between those of the homozygotes.
The heterozygote has a trait that is more beneficial than either homozygote.
For questions 1 to 6, match the following terms with their correct definition.
The physical location of a gene on a chromosome.
An individual having two chromosomes with identical alleles for a trait.
A unit of genetic info
For questions 1 to 12, match the definition on the left with the correct term on the right.
19.1 Exercises and Problems
Questions 1 to 11 refer to the process of cloning. For each, select the correct definition for the
2. Restriction enzymes
3. Selectable marker
5. Recircularized vector
6. Viral vector
7. Competent ce
11.2 Exercises and Problems
For questions 1 to 5, complete the sentence with the most appropriate term(s):
1. Nucleic acids are made up of repeating structural units called
2. These repeating structural units are linked together in a linear manner to fo
23.1 Exercises and Problems
For each of the following, determine the most likely pattern of inheritance described
by the statement.
a. sex-linked recessive
b. autosomal dominant
c. autosomal recessive
d. cannot be determined
11. The homozygote is more sev
6.4 Exercises and Problems
For each of the following, complete the sentence with the appropriate word or phrase.
inheritance, a modification occurs to a nuclear gene or chromosome that alters
In mouse, the gene Igf2 enco
8.2 Exercises and Problems
For questions 1 to 4, complete the sentence with the most appropriate term(s):
involves a change in direction of the DNA material along a single chromosome.
occurs when a segment of a chromosome is missing.
7.1 Exercises and Problems
For questions 1 to 3, complete the following sentences with the most appropriate word or
is a diagram that describes the order of genes along a chromosome.
2. The term
means that two or more genes are located on the
4.1 Exercises and Problems
For questions 1 to 7, use the following answers.
a. X-Y system
b. X-O system
c. Z-W system
d. haplodiploid system
In this system, the female is the heterogametic sex.
Females in this system are the homogametic sex.
18.1 Exercises and Problems
For questions 1 to 10, match the form of mutation with its correct definition.
1. Frameshift mutation
3. Silent mutation
4. Missense mutation
5. Nonsense mutation
6. Point mutation
8. Genome mutati
For questions 1 to 5, refer to the labels on the diagram below.
The process by which genetic information is converted into a functioning protein.
The functional protein responsible for the observed traits.
The label that indicates m
12.3 Exercises and Problems
Complete the following sentences with the most appropriate terms(s).
1. The ends of eukaryotic chromosomes contain regions called the
2. During mitosis and meiosis, the
region of the chromosome is associa
14.1 Exercises and Problems
For questions 1 to 7, match the term to its correct definition.
3. Regulatory sequences
5. Template stand
7. Structural genes
Binding sites for proteins that cont
15.2 Exercises and Problems
For questions 1 to 6, match each of the following terms that are associated with the genetic
code to its correct definition. You may need to refer to Table 15.1 in the text for
20.4 Exercises and Problems
Complete the following sentences with the most appropriate term(s).
1. Transgenic plants have been produced that are resistant to
2. DNA can enter plant cells via
pores in the plasma membrane.
, which uses el
17. 3 Exercises and Problems
Characterize the following five statements as True (T) or False (F). If False, change the
statement to make it true.
1. In general, DNA methylation silences gene expression.
2. DNA methylation typically does not have an influe
25.1 Exercises and Problems
For each of the following, match the term to its correct definition.
The sum of all of the genes within a population.
A group of members of th
26.1 Exercises and Problems
For questions 1 to 5, match the term with its appropriate definition.
1. Frequency distribution
2. Quantitative traits
3. Biometric field
4. Normal distribution curve
5. Discontinuous traits
Traits that can be pl
13.1 Exercises and Problems
For questions 1 to 5, match each of the following terms to its correct definition.
1. The model of replication that has segments of newly synthesized DNA and parental
DNA randomly scattered throughout the new double-helices.
22.2 Exercise and Problems
For each of the following, choose the appropriate technique that is best associated with the
a. protein microarrays
b. two-dimensional gel electrophoresis c.
d. tandem mass spectrometry e.
21.2 Exercises and Problems
Complete the following sentences with the most appropriate term(s):
1. The term
indicates that the procedure is conducted on chromosomes being held in place.
2. The method of
uses computer-imaging to assign each fluorescent pro
Week 6 Assignment (17,18,23)
1. Much pharmaceutical research targets developing anti-cancer drugs that can effectively stimulate the methylation of DNA. Formulate a possible hypothesis to explain why DNA methylation
might be an effective anticancer drug.