A VOYAGE TO VIRGINIA IN
"A TRUE REP,ORTORY"
For four-and-twenty hours the storm in a restless tumult had blown so exceedingly as we could not appre hend in our imaginations any possibility of greater violence; yet did we still find it not only mo
Photo: F. Hocker
The Clydesdale Plantation vessel as surveyed in February 1992; note the piling stumps in the background.
As we motored around the bend archaeology firm directed by INA in the slow, muddy river and up adjunct professor Gordon Watts. the Mu
The Brown's Ferry Vessel:
A River Transport of the Early Eighteenth Century
by Fred Hocker
Long-time readers of the INA Newslener may remember an article from 1979 (volume 6.1) about a colonial vessel found in South Carolina, at Brown's Ferry. INA had no
The Reader's Point Vessel:
Preliminary Field Report on the Excavation of an
Eighteenth-Century Sloop in St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica
by Gregory D. Cook
The Rastafarian fishennan watched me through dan gling dreadlocks as I exited the water after a two hour div
King Williams War (1689-1697) Queen Anne's War (1702-1713) King George's War (1744-1748) French and Indian War (1755-1763) Only European war that began in the Americas
French Fur trade carried on rivers and lakes winters English Merchants and far
Fort St. Louis Ren Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle (1643 1687) was born in Rouen, and attended a Jesuit school. After being rejected by the Order he traveled to Canada and established himself as a fur trader in 1666.
In 1669 sold business to search
Underwater Archaeology at Port Royal, Jamaica
Port Royal, JAMAICA
Largest English town in the New World when it sank during an earthquake on June 7, 1692.
Located at the tip of an 18 mile long sand spit.
INA spent 10 years excavating the
The Northern Exploration & Early North American Shipwrecks
Tobacco Columbus - first voyage Rodrigo de Xerez, arrested by the Inquisition for throwing smoke out of his mouth.
1564 - John Hawkins second voyage to the West Indies (Trading in slaves)
1567 - J
Lr, .- NW I 7DX,
The In/emotional Journal of Nautical Archaeology (1993) 22.2: 103-124
The Western Ledge Reef wreck: a preliminary report on investigation of the remains of a 16th-century shipwreck in Bermuda
,a1 Road, London )f Nautical Archae a
Wreck of HMS Victory found in English Channel http:/www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-sci-victory32009feb03,0,1974339.story Wreckage of HMS Victory's predecessor discovered in Channel after 265 years http:/www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2009/feb
Importance of the Archaeological Record
Treasure Hunters and Archaeologists
Most known wrecks from the Age of Discovery have been destroyed by treasure hunters. no information is recorded about the context in which artifacts were found (where in the wreck
From Spain Leaving Seville, April or May, sail South to the Canary Islands (1 week), then West to the Antilles, (1 month).
From the Canaries to the Caribbean
3 ways out of the Caribbean
Ships brought almost everything to New World Restr
THE RED BAY WRECK
1st, 100 MILE STRETCH FROM SOUTHERN FRANCE TO NORTHERN SPAIN 1) ALSO EXCELLENT SHIPWRIGHTS & IRONWORKERS
BASQUE, LONG TRADITION OF WHALE HUNTING
2) DEVELOPED MOST WHALING TECHNIQUES
BY 16TH CENTURY, DEMAND FOR WHALE OIL WAS HIGH IT BURNE
The Atlantic Vessel
A name devised to describe the ships from the late 15th and earlymid 16th centuries. Concept introduced in 1989 All had Iberian associations. They shared certain constructional characteristics. The name denote Atlantic capabilities.
Shipwrecks of the Explorers
RUDIMENTTARY MAPS WRITTEN INSTRUCTIONS
Alonso de Hojeda 1499 (1ST of 11 minor voyages between 1499 to 1505, PROBABLY OTHERS) Attacked and took 2 ships along the coast of Spain and pillaged supplies in European waters and the
European Discovery of the Western Hemisphere
Born Genoa, c. 1451, Origin has been questioned Lisbon, 1476, joined his brother, a cartographer. A merchant 1479, married daughter of B. Perestrello, merchant, land owner, and retired explorer, discoverer of M
Nautical language is a funny one. Every sail has a head and a foot They all have a clew But only the keel can have a shoe And the keel and keelson can have a scarph The stem can have a gripe, but don't come to loggerheads Sails have sheets, but only Masts