Horse Industry Handka
Robert Mowrey, PhD
North Carolina State Urzitviersig'
Extension Horse Specialist
Horse Commodity Coordinator
There are approximately 2.500 feed mills regis
tered in the United States With the Food
Simple, soluble (non-structural) CHO: SUGARS
The amount of SUGARS in traditional horse feeds (hay and grains) is very
Addition of molasses (sweet feed) or lactose (milk additives) raises the sugar
Water is classified as THE MOST IMPORTANT NUTRIENT.
Removing water from the diet results in death within as little as 3-5 days.
The 1100# horse is composed of ~ 70% water.
~ 90 gallons
~ 45 gallons (50%) contained in GIT
Providing water is relativel
Vitamins are organic compounds required in small amounts for the normal function
of the body.
They are traditionally divided into two groups:
FAT SOLUBLE = A, D, E, K
WATER SOLUBLE = C, B GROUP
Required to maintain cellular structure
HzN - CH - CO -- NH - CH - CO --- NH - CH - CO -- NH CH - COOH
l l l I
R1 R R R2
N-Terminal AA Interior Amino Acids Carboxyl AA
Proteins are polymers or chains of amino acids linked together by peptide bonds.
Different types of proteins consist
Nutrition and Feeding Management of Broodmares
Pete G. Gibbs and Gary D. Potter2
Horse producers should be concerned
about their mares' reproductive performance and
ability to mother strong, healthy foals. Economic
survival often hinges on mares foaling e
Nutrient = any feed constituent that is necessary for the support of life.
1. Component of body structure
2. Enhancing, or being involved in, chemical reactions of the body = body
3. Source of energy.
4. Transport substanc