White Muscle Disease
Degenerative muscle disease found in all large
Deficiency is either Selenium (Se) or Vitamin E
it is not normally known which one is lacking
Sheep and Goats
All breeds of sheep and goats are susceptible
AKA Water belly
Hard mass of mineral salts in the
Usually seen in males.
Calcium-to-phosphorus ratio of at least
Phosphorous excreted through saliva and feces
Excess P excrete
Tetanus in Sheep and Goats
How to get Tetnus:
Infection of and open wound
Antibiotics- Penicillin and antise
Sheep and Goats.
Scours shouldnt be considered an illness in itself, but rather a symptom of a more serious illness.
Increased fluidity of fecal
Increased frequency of
Increased volume of fecal
- Ketosis, twin-lamb/kid disease,
lambing paralysis, pregnancy disease
during last 2-4 w. of gestation
Approx. 70% of fetal growth occurs in the last
few weeks of gestation
glucose in the blood excessive
breakdown of body f
By: Juan Morales
Literally means softening of the cerebral
cortical grey matter of the brain.
Disease characterized by a disturbance in the
central nervous system.
Brain of the infected animal becomes inflamed
IN SHEEP & GOATS
Pneumonia refers to the inflammation of the pulmonary parenchyma
usually accompanied by the inflammation of bronchioles.
Pneumonia occurs when infectious and non-infectious agents cause the
lungs of sheep/go
not developed for 1.5 - 2 mos.
function is to digest and absorb
nutrients from the diet
and Reticulum are capable of
Can use di
By: Naomi Nuez
Mastitis is one of the more common health
problems affecting sheep and goats. Severe cases
can result in death of the ewe, but more often it
takes its toll in the form of treatment costs,
premature culling, and reduced performance
Listeria moncytogenes is a bacterial
disease that is most common in ruminants
but can also effect pigs, horses, some wild
animals as well as humans.
Causes a bacterial infection of the brain and centr
By: Kelsey Jones
Pregnancy toxemia, also known as ketosis, is a metabolic
disease that occurs in late pregnancy.
It is most prevalent in ewes carrying two or more lambs
or in very fat ewes.
Ketosis is caused by a disturbance in carbohydrate usa
Excellent breed for hobby farmers looking for a low
maintenance animal to control weed and brush growth in
They are good mothers
Good milk producers
Seldom require assistance lambing.
As with most sheep a
What is Floppy Kid Syndrome?
An acute onset of profound weakness or
tetraparesis associated with metabolic
acidosis in which no specific organ
systems are abnormally involved
Affects kids from 3-21 days of age.
Some get it younger or older
How it works
An electric fence is a psychological barrier
keeps farm animals in
wild animals out - even over long distances.
A pulsed electric current (one pulse per second)
Animal completes the circuit between the fence and
A Fresh Approach Is Needed
Frequent application of dewormers is no longer a viable approach
Recipe-based approach to parasite control cannot be
Effective dewormers must be thought of as an extremely valuable
and limited resource
A bacterial disease caused by Clostridium
perfringens found in sheep and goats of all
Two types of Clostridium perfringens, Types C
Also called Overeating Disease even though
it is not caused by overeating.
Change in diet tha
BOER GOAT EMBRYO TRANSFER
Some examples of how stress is induced are:
Mixing groups or individual animals together that
have not previously been together.
What is Contagious Pustular
A zoonotic diseasetransferable from
animal to animal and
Is also known as
Viral infection, in the
Primarily seen in sheep
What is Soremouth caused by?
A Pox virus
Can be known as bloody scouers
Coccidiosis is caused by coccidia- a group of
single celled parasites
Infection is caused by ingestion of the oocyst
(egg) from the environment
Eimeria ninakohlyakimovae and Eimeria arlongi
FINE WOOL BREED
Acceptable Breed Characteristics
Rambouillet, Delaine, Debouillet or a cross
between these breeds
Silky ears, medium to moderate in size
Yellow to white hooves (neutral)
Black pads on hoov
Chlamydial Abortions in Sheep and
Reported for the first time in 1959 in Germany, then
diagnosis of the disease occurred in Bulgaria, Spain, USA,
France, India, Japan, United Kingdom, Chad, Greece, and
In many areas it is the seco
By: Alexis Wright
Highly contagious BACTERIAL disease that effects
both sheep and goats
Abscesses that form in the skin, internal and
external lymph nodes, and in organs
Microorganism called - Corynebacterium
of an external
Caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAE) is a
single-stranded, icosahedral, RNA virus of the
family Retroviridae and the sub-family
It is a retroviral infection which may lead to
chronic disease of the joints and on occasions
Domesticated 10,000 12,000 years ago
Major changes have been genetic (to benefit man)
Increased production can be achieved through
environment but must be repeated daily, seasonally or
at least annually. Whereas Genetic change tends to be
By: Joshua Price
How sheep and goats get acidosis is by eating to
much grain or under feeding. Acidosis results
in the rumen pH becoming acidic. Acidosis is
know to be in to forms.
This form of Acidosis is the worst you