US History Unit 2 Notes
Power to the People
The colonists did not want their new nation to be a monarchy
The new nation was centered around the principles laid out by Thomas Jefferson in the
Declaration of Independence (life, liberty, and pu
-Leif Erikson original founder of America.
*Viking from Scandinavia.
*Settled in Iceland.
*Moved to Greenland.
*Lived in colony in southern Greenland.
-Lanse aux Meadows 1960s found colony remains.
Europe in A.D. 1000
English Exploration and Settlement
-Changes in England:
Planted first colony which led to commercial capitalism
Protestant Reformation came to England
*Began in Germany with Luther
*Split between Catholics and Protestants
*Idea of religious tolerance not
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
-Free man in Illinois and Wisconsin and wrongfully brought back into Missouri as a slave.
-Court in Missouri ruled in Dred Scotts favor.
-Sanford court of appeals ruled in Sanfords favor.
-Supreme Court 1857 ruled
The Colonies in the 18th Century
The Great Awakening
-Widespread throughout colonies
-Everyone was involved, not just one or two people
*American philosopher and thinker about the human mind
*Free will/ what extent is it free and not fre
US History Survey
1a. What Las Casas debated was that the Natives actually were not ignorant, inhuman, or
bestial," despite being commonly described as barbaric and primitive.
1. Wilmot Proviso: (Slavery in the territories)
David Wilmot endorsed a speech to the house in which he endorsed the annexa tion of Texas as a slave state (August 8, 1846)
Proviso ignited the festering debate over slavery
House adopted the proviso but
1. John Breckinridge:
(after the Democrats divide) The Charleston seceders met first in Richmond and
then Baltimore, were they adopted the slave-code platform defeated in Charleston
Name Vice President of Kentucky John Breckinridge as their candidate fo
1. Southern Cavalier Myth:
Gone with the wind : story of the southern family
White column houses : seen as the standard of plantation society
None of these things are accurate
In contrast much darker myth was Harriet Beecher Stowes Uncle
1. Creole Affair:
In 1841 the Creole ship left from Hampton Roads, Virginia and had 135 slaves
aboard to be sold in New Orleans.
- The slaves revolted and sailed into Nassau, Bahamas, where the British set
- Daniel Webster the secretary of sta
The belief in basic worth of every person, we are not defined by the worth of class
in society you are born into. What matters is woman and men should be recog nized for there talents
Alexis de Tocqueville- coined the term individualism
History Notes 12-06-2010
- Hiram Ulysses Simpson Grant
- Horatio Seymour
- Enforcement Acts
- General Amnesty Act
- Finion Movement
- Maximillan & Carlotta
- Virginus Affair
- Alabama Claims
- Treaty of Washington
- Jay Gould & James F
1. The lincoln johnson reconstruction plan was determined to
a. rapid remission to the southern states into the union
2. Charles summer thaddeus were
a. radical leaders in congress
3. what constitutional amendment was responsible for proh
History Notes 11-29-2010
- David G. Farragut : Rear Admiral, may 1, 1862 city of New Orleans fallen, Union army began
the process of occupying the city.
- Fort Henry and Fort Donelson
- Rivers are the primary form of transportation because roads were not
1. south caroline was the first stated to secede from the union
2. Critten plan was the last compromise attempted to save the union
3. lincoln mains concern was how to maintain federal authority without provoking war
with the seceded state
From Independence to the Constitution
Treaty of Paris
-Gave the Americans their freedom.
-Gave Americans land west of the Appalachians.
Articles of Confederation
-First constitution of the United States.
-Colonists were afraid of the government having too
Later English Colonies
Maryland, New York, New Jersey, the Carolinas, Pennsylvania, and Georgia
Charles I King of England
*Didnt get along with the Puritans
*Believed God made him king
*Pro-Catholic/ wife was Catholic- Henrietta Maria
Gettysburg Popular History Paper by Juan Alonso
The 1993 film Gettysburg by Ronald F. Maxwell depicts the famous historical battle
from the American Civil War. Both the North and South are equally portrayed in their struggle
for success along with their r
U.S. History to 1877
Final Exam Study Guide
Study the other three exams.
Know the presidential electionswho won, who lost, who represented what party, what, if any, special circumstances
-Election of 1840.
*Martin Van Buren nom
U.S. History to 1877
Exam #3 Study Guide
Know the presidents, when they were elected, how long they served, and what significant events took place while they
were in office.
*Elected in 1789.
U.S. History to 1877
Test #2 Study Guide
What new policies did the British institute after the French and Indian War? What were their pur-
-Wanted to tighten control on Americas so they could make more money
-Controlled all trade from Americas
U.S. History to 1877
Exam #1 Study Guide
Who was the first European to discover America? To what group did he belong?
-Vikings from Scandinavia.
Why did colonization not begin immediately after his discovery?
-Europe not ready for new world
The War of 1812
-Elected president in 1808 and became president in 1809.
-Not a strong leader/ administrator; very quiet.
-Continues the Embargo Act.
-Thought that we should go to war with Britain.
The Revolutionary War
-First Continental Congress met in 1774.
*Representatives of every colony represented in Philadelphia.
Sent another petition to the king.
Made sure colonies militia was in good shape.
The Federalist Era
Constitution need at least 9 states to ratify it.
-People who favored the Constitution= Federalists.
*Wanted a federal system under the Constitution.
-People who opposed= Antifederalists.
*Wanted a federal system, but under the Articles
The Era of Good Feelings
Only one political party, so people told themselves there were no political parties.
-Still thought being in a political party was selfish.
-Federalist party dies.
Northern states threatened to secede (secession) unless the War of
The American Revolution
-Happened within 13 years after all thirteen colonies have been established
-British government decides to change policies regarding colonies
-Salutary neglect towards colonies until changed policies
The Age of Jefferson
Marbury vs. Madison
-Federalists pass a judiciary act electing many federal judgeships.
-Judges cant leave office unless they die, retire voluntarily, or are impeached (very difficult).
*Commission to be the Justice o
The Age of Jackson
Election of 1824.
-End of War of 1812.
-Brings us out out Era of Good Feelings.
-Second party system.
-John Quincy Adams.
*Questioned whether they like him.
*Represented all old Federalist ideas.
-All Congress was Republicans.
Election of 1852.
-Winfield Scott; Whig
-Franklin Pierce; Democrat.
-Franklin Pierce winner.
Fugitive Slave Act.
-The antislavery advocates gained the admission of California as a free state, and the prohibition of
slave-trading in the District