Chapter 18 aids and other immune disorders
1. the immunoglobulin class that mediates type 1 hypersensitivity
2. the major inflammatory mediator released by degranulating
mast cells in type 1 hypersensitivity is
Chapter 7 Microbial Genetics
1. Which of the following is most likely the number of base pairs in
a bacterial chromosome?
2. Which of the following is a true statement concerning
a. they typically
Chapter 15 Innate Immunity
1. phagocytes of the epidermis are called
b. goblet cells
c. alveolar macrophages
d. dendritic cells
2. mucus-secreting membranes are found in
a. the urinary system
b. the digestive system
c. the respiratory passage
Chapter 25 applied and environmental
1. food fermentations do all of the following except:
a. gives foods a characteristic good taste
b. lower the risk of food spoilage
c. sterilize food
d. increase the shelf life of the food
Chapter 12 Characterizing and Classifying
1. Haploid nuclei _
a. contain one set of chromosomes
b. contain two sets of chromosomes
c. contain half a set of chromosomes
d. are found in the cytosol of eukaryotic organisms
2. Which of the followin
Chapter 11 Characterizing and Classifying
Mark each statement as true or false For each statement that is
false, write the word(s) that should be substituted for the
underlined word(s) to make the statement true.
1. _all prokaryotes reproduce
Chapter 5 Microbial Metabolism
For each of the phrases in questions 1-7, indicate the type of metabolism
referred to, using the following choices:
a. anabolism only
b. both anabolism and catabolism (amphibolic)
c. catabolism only
1. Breaks a large molecul
Chapter 14 Infection, Infectious Diseases and
1. In which type of symbiosis do both members benefit from their
2. An axenic environment is one that _
a. exists in the hum
Chapter 4 -Microscopy, Staining and Classification
1. Which of the following is smallest?
2. A nanometer is _ than a micrometer.
a. 10 times larger
b. 100 times smaller
c. 1000 times larger
d. 1000 tim
Chapter 13 Characterizing and Classifying
Viruses, Viroids and Prions
1. Which of the following is not an acellular gland?
2. Which of the following statements is true?
A. viruses move toward their host cells
Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function
1. A cell may allow a large or charged chemical to move across the
cytoplasmic membrane, down the chemicals electrical and chemical
gradients, in a process called _.
2. Which of the following statements concerning gro
Chapter 20 microbial diseases of the nervous
system and eyes
1. cerebrospinal fluid is:
a. formed deep within the brain
b. found in the subarachnoid space
c. withdrawn in a spinal tap
d. all of the above
2. the layer of the meninges lining closest to the
Chapter 19 Microbial diseases of the skin and
1. the epidermis
a. has an intricate network of blood vessels
b. consists of layers of loosely packed cells
c. contains a waterproofing protein
d. has a thin layer of fat cells
2. the oily lipid secrete
Chapter 24 microbial diseases of the urinary and
1. the functional unit of the kidney is the
d. renal pyramid
2. which of the following sequences most accurately describes the
passage of sperm throug
Chapter 8 Recombinant DNA Technology
1. Which of the following statements is true concerning recombinant DNA
a. It will replace biotechnology in the future.
b. It is a single technique for genetic manipulation.
c. It is useful in manipulating
Chapter 6 Microbial Nutrition and Growth
1. Which of the following can grow in a petri plate on a laboratory
a. an anaerobic bacterium
b. an aerobic bacterium
c. viruses on an agar surface
d. all of the above
2. This statement, In the laboratory, a
Chapter 1: A Brief History of Microbiology
1. Which of the following microorganisms are not eukaryotic?
2. Which microorganisms are used to make microbiological growth media?
Chapter 10 Controlling Microbial Growth in the
Body: Antimicrobial Drugs
1. Diffusion and dilution tests that expose pathogens to
antimicrobials are designed to _
a. de3termine the spectrum of action of a drug
b. determine which drug is most effective aga
Chapter 2 The Chemistry of Microbiology
1. Which atomic structure has no electrical charge?
2. The atomic mass of an atom most closely approximates the sum of the
masses of what?
3. How does one isotope of iodine differ from another?
4. Which of the follo
Chapter 16 Adaptive immunity
1. antibodies function to
a. directly destroys foreign organ grafts
b. mark invading organisms for destruction
c. kill intracellular viruses
d. directly promotes cytokine synthesis
e. stimulates t cell growth
2. MHC class II m
Chapter 22 microbial diseases of the respiratory
1. the movement of mucus from the lungs to the pharynx is due
a. epiglottal flow
b. a ciliary escalator
c. sneezing reflex
d. pharyngeal reflux
2. compared to the upper respiratory system, the low
Chapter 21 microbial cardiovascular and systemic
1. blood plasma includes
a. erythrocytes and leukocytes
b. erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets
c. clotting proteins, erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets
d. nutrients and gases dissolved in li
Chapter 17 immunization and immune testing
1. to obtain immunity against tetanus, a patient should receive
a. an attenuated vaccine of clostridium tetani
b. a modified live vaccine of c. tetani
c. tetanus toxoid
d. immunoglobulin against tetanus toxin (an
Chapter 23 microbial diseases of the digestive
1. which of the following is not part of the gastrointestinal tract?
2. the major portion of food digestion occurs in the
c. small intestine
Chapter 9 Controlling Microbial Growth in the
1. In practical terms in everyday use, which of the following
statements provides the definition of sterilization?
a. sterilization eliminates organisms and their spores or
Biology Notes 8/24/2016
Homework is due Monday 8/29/2016 and read Chapter 2
Organization of life
Characteristics of Life
Organization: atoms make u
Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Nervous System: the master controlling and communicating system of the
body. Every thought, action and emotion reflects its activity.
Sensory Input: millions of sensory receptors to monitor changes occurring
both inside and outside t
Afferent fibers carry information to/from to/from:
Which part of the nervous system is the branch of the autonomic system
sometimes called the fight or fight system?
What may be the functions of glial cells?
The cell seen here would be found in which nerv
Chapter 13 Mod 4 Sections 13.06-13.09
What structure is involved in the projection level of motor control?
Describe the tendon reflex.
Recurrent dryness of the mouth may be an issue with which cranial nerve(s)?
A member of your family is complaining of di