UGS 303 The American
Experience/Autobiographies Review Test #1
Review Test #1 Types of Questions:
1. Questions of fact answerable in a word, phrase, or a sentence;
e.g., identifying a text and its author from a quotation, defining a
term such as m
TUGS 303 The American
Test #2 Preview
I added some more describe questions about the readings
based off the example questions we had during discussion.
There will be test references to BENJAMIN FRANKLIN AND/OR
*Everything in RED was what I got from the review. It was overall unhelpful, hence the
lack of things pulled from it
-Wrote New Experiments of Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring of the Air and its
-Boyles Law: Press
Hunger of Memory
There were two main justice issues that were brought up in the book Hunger of
Memory. The first justice issue that I would like to talk about that was mentioned in the
book was bilingual education in school while the second justice issue
Overshadowed by one of the most important thinkers of the 17th century.
Different social background than many others
o Came from fairly modest background, had to work for a living
Had to turn his wits into money
o Born in Southern England I
HIS 322D October 31, 2011
This is the culmination of the scientific revolution.
Well focus on experimentalism this week.
Who was doing science, who was paying for it, and how did they communicate with each other
(what groups were formed)?
In the 17th cent
HIS 322D November 11, 2011
Today: Isaac Newton (1642-1727): Never at Rest
Never at Rest is an in-depth biography of Newton.
He had a really good grasp of scientific concepts.
Once Newton has started on a problem, he was obsessive about getting to the bott
HIS 322D November 9, 2011
Today: Christiaan Huygens, the Pendulum, and the Laws of Motion
Later followers of the mechanical philosophy, such as Huygens, followed Descartes ideas but
transformed them. They werent really cartesians because they didnt follow
HIS 322D November 7, 2011
Today: Robert Hooke
He was one of the most important scientific figures, but was largely overshadowed by Isaac
Newton due to long-running disputes.
We actually dont know what Robert Hooke looked like.
He was from a rather differe
Keplers laws of planetary motion
Kepler felt if he could get better and more accurate measurements of the planets and
motions he felt he could make sense of his vision of the structure of the universe
He sees a close connections with observ
HIS 322D November 21, 2011
Today: The Newtonian World System
Newtons finding of these laws had an enormous impact on European thought since the 1680s.
His work gave a new refined meaning to natural law, and what laws of nature mean.
Newton divided his Pri
HIS 322D November 2, 2011
The New Experimentalism: Robert Boyle and the Air Pump
Boyle is particularly important for not only doing experiments, but building a whole philosophy
around doing experiments. People have been doing experiments for many, many ye
HIS 322D November 16, 2011
Today: Newton on Force and Motion
Between 1664 and 1666, when Newton was in his early twenties, he began to take up
mathematics in several ways. He invented a type of calculus, and began his analysis of motion.
He built on the w
HIS 322D November 14, 2011
Today: Newton on Light and Color
Newton worked in a lot of different areas in sciences.
The first he achieved experimental fame with was with his experiments on light and color.
Newton laid his methods and philosophy on the ques
as a result of this landmark breakthrough warranted the title of a revolution.
However, upon closer examination of the progress that transpired during this era, it can be
concluded that such a label for this era is excessive that is, the period itself is
The Scientific Revolution is viewed as a period of 200-300 years of great
scientific progress that laid the foundations of modern science, creating a new
methodology. The change in science during that period is viewed by historians to be so
HIS 322D November 18, 2011
Today: The Roots of Newtons Principia
Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica Published in 1687. It was regarded as the
greatest single scientific work of all time, or in competition with Origin of Species as the
HIS 322D November 23, 2011
Newton and Newtons God: Science and Enlightenment
Today: Mainly talking about Newton and God, then wrapping up how this affects the scientific
Principia was mainly liked, but there were some criticisms because people
THE ARISTOTELIAN SYSTEM
The School of Athens
Pointing up toward the heavens
Influenced by the ideas of the Pythogoreans
Established a school (academy); Athens became the center of
5 Perfect Solids
Every face on the s
Walt Whitman wasn't a very big fan of war. He thought everything about it was
negative. We can see this in his poetry.
In "Beat! Beat! Drums!", he expresses his feelings toward war using symbolism. The
drums and the bugles are examples of two
Kepler was a follower of the ancient Pythagorean view that mathematics underlies the
patterns of the world. Math is a way to understand Gods thoughts.
He broke with theory that heavens had to have perfect circlesthe heavens cannot be
that much diff
meant to displace aristotelianism. The earth is itself a big magnet, not because
of celestial virtue of heavens. The earth as a magnet has the same effect on other
magnets. It causes needle to align with it. Thought the whole earth was made of
William Gilbert & the Magnetic Earth
Bacon and Gilbert were acquainted, but did not always see eye-to-eye
1269 - Peter the Wanderer writes "the letter of the Magnet," wherein he does experiments
on a magnet's function, was first writings a
The Aristotelian System
School of Athens
o Painting by Raphael, 1510
o Shows a reverence of Renaissance intellects of ancient thinkers (Plato, Aristotle,
o Seek knowledge of causes
The Greek world was comprised of city-states and their colonies
Chinese seemed to have known that magnets have a directive property. Italian sailors
learned about this through Arabic sources; used it for sailing. Treated the construction of
the mariners compass as a magical right; serves good example of natural magic
A. Relates things in reality to geometric shapes
5 perfect shapes
B. Geometry heavily involved in science and reality (Plato; Pythagoreans)
A. Took a philosophical approach different than Plato
B. Aristotle wanted to look at bo
W.R. Thayer, from Theodore Roosevelt: A.Biography: Preface,
Chapters I, IV, V, VII, XXIV, and XXV,.
Thayer essentially regards Roosevelt as an integral part of the
development of the United States.
Roosevelt was born in New york City and from the time he