Communication Sciences and Disorders
Approximately 46 million people have a communication disorder
Hearing Speech Language
Any exchange of meaning
Listening - speaking Reading - writing Sign Langu
1. Key Questions
a. how do disorder of hearing/speech/language affect communication?
b. What are the major types of hearing/speech/language disorders?
c. What are the differences among the following terms: impairment, disability,
handicap, disorder, and d
Communication Sciences and
How do disorders of hearing/speech/language
What are the major types of
What are the differences among the following
terms: i mpai
College of Communication
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders
CSD306K: Introduction to Communication Disorders (#06335)
Course: CSD 306K: Introduction to Communication Disorders
Time: TTh 2:00-3:30
CSD 306K Week 1 Notes: Introduction
Wednesday, August 24th 2016
What is communication?
What is Communications Sciences and Disorders?
Often caused by strokes
Wide range of career options
Why do I need to know this?
46 mil people in the US
CSD 306K Exam 2 Notes - On test
Wednesday, September 28, 2016
Communication Across the Lifespan PP
What are the major milestones and processes in communication?
What is the definition of language?
What are the processes and systems that
CSD 306K Exam 3 Notes
Powerpoints used: Dysphagia, Brain Anatomy & Function, Early Language Disorders, Acquired
What mechanisms are involved in a normal swallow?
What causes swallow disorders?
How is swall
August 26, 2016
Focus on neuro-driven disorders more than physiological
Disorders vs. differences:
o Terminology matters
o Some born with, some come later in life
Normal = typically developing
Big D Deaf:
o culturally deaf
o use sign language to
CSD 1.5: Social and Cultural Basis of Communication
Culture A set of beliefs and assumptions shared by a group of people
Socialization A process of learning how to interact with others within your culture
Acculturation A process of learning or adap
CSD 1.4: What is CSD?
Communication Sciences and Disorders the discipline
The study of communication disorders and differences
The study of the efficacy of practices involved in assessing and treating individuals with
communication disorders an
CSD 1.6 Notes: Hearing Science
What is sound?
Sound disturbance of air molecules that stimulates an aural response in the nervous
A vibration that requires an energy source (ex: finger plucking guitar string)
Energy source applied to an objec
August 29, 2016
CSD 1.2: Speech and Language
Sometimes speech interferes with language
Language a standardized set of symbols, and the knowledge about how to combine those
symbols, used to create meaning conveying ideas and feelings
You can have
CSD 1.8: Hearing Disorders
Hearing is important
Sound has meaning, how you experience your world
Hearing is fully developed at birth
Ear Anatomy Recap:
Middle ear amplifies sound
Cochlea Function is to transduce the mechanica
Define/describe the following (1-6):
- Speech a vocalized form of human communication
- Speech is all about SOUND
- Can be used to express language
- Speech without meaning can be used to communicate (b
CSD 1.7: Auditory System
The Peripheral System (ear)
o Outer funnels sound waves
o Middle amplifies waves
o Inner turns waves into electrical impulses
Auditory Nervous System
o Auditory Nerve
o Auditory Cortex
T ypes of Dysarth ria Spastic: bilateral damage to the upper motor neuron Flaccid: bilateral/unilateral damage to lower motor neuron Hypokinetic: damage to upper brainstem Hyperkinetic: damage to nerve pathways internally/basal ganglia Ataxic: damage to c
Test #2: Sample Questions 1. A primary symptom of cancer of the larynx is: a. persistent pain during phonation b. persistent hoarseness c. severe breathiness d. peptic ulcers 2. Papillomas typically are treated with: a. voice rest b. surgery c. radia
Quiz #2 Review Questions
Speech Science 1. The nervous system is divided into what two systems? 2. Know the structures of a neuron and be able to identify them. 3. What are the two primary functions of neurons (afferent and efferent)? 4. What is the
Review Terms Test #2 Speech Science 1. Adduction- when the vocal folds come together. 2. Afferent- axonal fibers that conduct impulses toward the central nervous system. 3. Basal Ganglia- a group of subcortical structures that include the putamen, gl
What is dysarthria? What are the major causes of cerebral palsy? What is the difference between dysarthria and cerebral palsy in adults? What causes dysarthria in adults? What is an augmentative communication system?
What mechanisms are involved in a normal swallow? What causes swallowing disorders? How is swallowing assessed? What can be done to help people with dysphagia swallow better?
Dysphagia - An inability to swallow
Social and Cultural Bases of Communication
How do individuals learn to use the language of their community? How is culture reflected in communication? What is socialization and acculturation? How are dialects formed? How did Afric
Communication Across the Lifespan
1. To know the definition of language. 2. To understand the processes and systems that underlie speech and language development. 3. To differentiate between language form, content, and use. 4. To
Articulation and Phonological Disorders
What is the difference between articulation and phonology? What is the difference between articulatory disorders and phonological disorders? What causes articulation and phonological disorders? How d
Cleft Lip and Palate
1. To understand the embryologic basis of cleft lip and palate. 2. To understand the types of cleft lip and palate. 3. To understand the speech consequences of a person's inability to close the velopharyngeal
College of Communication Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders Spring, 2008 Course: CSD 306K: Introduction to Communication Disorders Time: 3:30-5:00 Place: CMA2.320 Instructor: Thomas P. Marquardt; Office: CMA7.202 (471-6831); e-mail: t
What are primary and secondary stuttering behaviors? What causes stuttering? How is stuttering assessed? How is stuttering treated in children and adults?
Normal Fluency and Disfluency
Easy, rapid, rhythmical, ev
August 31, 2016
CSD 1.3 Notes
Around 46 mil people in USA have a communication disorder (about 10% of population)
Communication disorders are related to speech, language, or hearing disorders
Person First Language
o autistic person