Discuss the relationship between man and philosophy as expressed in the definition of man as
a rational animal. (Include also in your response: questions philosophy seek to answer, the
importance of speculative knowledge for human beings, the difference
Descartes: Proof of Gods Existence and Human Error
Rene Descartes was a philosopher who came up with two proofs that God
existed in his Meditation writings. The two proofs on Gods existence are different.
One of the theories is based on the assumption t
Populism in the Wizard of Oz
In the Late 1800s a high school teacher named Henry Littlefield claimed that author
Frank L. Baum intended his novel, The Wizard of Oz, to be a political allegory. This assertion
was published in a noted journal, The American
Philosophy Notes 8-31
Section 1 Logic
-Finding and clarifying arguments
-the science of arguments
Science: systematic study
Why learn logic?
Coffmans answer: Because developing these skills is extremely valuable and hard to do.
Better answer: logical skil
Philosophy Notes 9-9
Section I: LogicEvaluating Arguments: Soundness
What makes a premise acceptable?
1. It needs to be true.
2. The person youre having the argument with needs to believe it.
An argument is sound if and only if it is
Philosophy Notes 9-16
P1 whatever begins to exist has a cause.
P2 the universe began to exist.
P3 so the universe has a cause.
P4 if the universe has a cause, then theism is true.
C so, theism is true.
P1 whatever begins to exist a
Philosophy Notes 9-4
Ignoring Truth by Supposing Truth
The best way to ignore the question of whether an arguments premises are actually
true is just to suppose that they are.
it feels kind of weird
P1 all pigs are animals that can fly
Philosophy Notes 9-18
P4 of Kalam argument
P13 if the universe has a cause, then this cause is something that exists timelessly, spacelessly, is
immaterial, changeless, uncaused, powerful, and personal.
P14 only god or a group of gods could have all these
Philosophy Notes 9-28
Problem of Evil: Responses
The Free Will Defense
Why does God permit evil?
reasons may be beyond us, but it doesnt deny theism
Good of Holocaust? There is no good, but its the virtue of free will.
God is omnipotent, but he doesnt cau
Philosophy Notes 9-14
Check syllabus that affects Wednesday
Philosophy of Religion? Aka thinking really hard about religious questions lol
EXISTENCE OF GODDefining terms:
God- a supernatural being thats quite powerful.
Theism- the view th
All actions of all humans are always and solely done from the motivation of self-interest.
Argument for PE
1. Whenever you do something, you expect to be better of as a result.
2. If you expect to be better off as a r
Epistemology: the theory of knowledge
What is knowledge?
Knowing THAT something is the case.
List of things we do know:
The sky is blue now.
Living humans breathe.
The sun is a star.
The law of gravity is true.
List of things we do no
Philosophy Notes 9-2
Logic SetDue 9/14
Format: Hard copytype the answers, not the questions. Only type the question number.
According to Coffman a good argument has:
1. Good form
2. Plausible premises
An argument has good form when there is a st
The memory theory is about the personal identity which states that any experience an
individual is aware of must belong to that individual. If you remember doing something in the
past, then the memory must belong to you making you a part of