Exam 1 Review- Medical Ethics Lecture Notes
Substantive Ethical Frameworks
We know nothing, there are no moral principles at all, all values are baseless and
nothing can be known or communicated
No moral facts or truths, no moral
PHL 325M: Exam 2
Too expensive (consequential)
Reduces cost if you do get sick, injured
Other things to spend money on
(consequential, somewhat Kantian means to
Get better care (conseq
Based on an adhesion of resemblance
Glue of mechanical solidarity is likeness, sameness, or homogeneity
The horde and clan-based societies
o Ideal type of society bound by resemblance is the horde
The horde: undifferentia
Sociological Theory Exam 2 Review
o Social interaction takes certain shapes or stable forms that shape action and identities and
experience in predictable ways independent of the socio-historical content of interact
o Weber is trying to capture a grand European exceptionalism in a process he calls rationalization
o Describes capitalism as the most fateful force in our modern life
Like rationalization in general, it needed a parti
Historical materialism summarized so far
- We get these different terms but they are all inter-related and correlative
- This materialist approach builds from a few simple historical premises (p. 8)
o Men must be in a p
Problems with Marx and
Introduction to Durkheim
Big Problem with Marxs
Why no Marxist world revolution? Bury
me with the Manifesto
Because not just two classes?
Success of labor mobilization actually
modified logic of capitalism: remember the
Foucaults Three Allegories:
Madness, Punishment, and
15th century Dutch painter Hieronymus
3 Juxtaposition of Images to
Foucaults genealogy: a kind of history to
diagnose the present and to show that the
conditions of the present
M. J. Brougham
20 September 2015
From my understanding, a norm is typically some kind of expectation that allows us to
behave and act a certain way in different scenarios, thus, I decided to
Three Main Parts to Marxs Work
Social and political philosophyanalysis of alienation and its solution to communism
Sociologyanalysis of class consciousness and class conflict
Economicsanalysis of the internal contradictions of capitalism
- Highlights capitalist pursuit to profit as well as class inequalities between the bourgeoisie (ruling
class) and proletariat (exploited wage laborers)
- Focused on inequality inherent in capitalism
How Communism would elimin
1. Introduction: who was Pierre Bourdieu?
French sociologist, work 1960s-2000.
Work in Algeria, in rural France and in Paris.
Relation between theory and empirical work.
Extended the field of application of The Gift.
2. Bourdieus theory of the gift as a
Paternalism interference to prevent individuals from harming themselves, or
promote a good; inteference with liberty
- Certain amount of resentment comes with paternalism
o Licensing doctorsinterference in patients liberty bec
OVER VIEW OF THE BIG POINTS COVERED IN CLASS:
Review Sheet for First Exam
Materialism versus Idealism
Base-Superstructure model of society
Critique of Ideology
All history is the history of class struggle
Formula for change
Modernity, Marx, and the Birth
from Jeffrey Alexander
Models Concepts Pr
Quick Survey of Course
Walk through syllabus
WHAT IS THEORY AND WHY
SHOULD YOU CARE?
Too much like philosophy?
Just the obfuscation of common sense?
Review Guide for Exam 1
Terms and concepts:
Demography: the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the
incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human
populations the composition of a part
Individual Rationality and Social Order
Reading: Gary Becker, A treatise on the family, Cambridge: Harvard Univ Press, Chapter
The world can be looked at as a market
We have markets for commodities.
What is the differen
Trust intermediaries: people who are in between
- They deal with a lot of players
- They do not know each other
- They work to create public good
- Their contribution will be rational to them if other contribute
- E.g they want to go
Frustration comes about when we think things need to be better
However, when all things are the same and not changing we remain content
Addressing the main problem with Rational Choice Theory
a. Soft Utilities: Things that don't necessari
Rational choice theory
Markets and Competition
- Little interference ( e.g, Govt)
- Social Norms should not interfere, because it is inefficient
- No monopolies
Applying this to Religious Market In Europe
In american culture, we take religion and try to m
Last time we talked about
Social: in terms of creation, It is created spontaneously.
Have rules that cannot necessary be described or explicit
Norms that have an enforcement that creates a shame
The enforcement is horizontal
Legal: Norms that are cr
Divorce is costly
At some point we have to stop gathering information
Diminishing return - Increases your welfare less and less and eventually it can
undermine you (pizza example)
Opportunity costs - what you would have been doing ha
Latent Function are those unintended consequences which are not recognizable.
- Teaching you how to think, how to solve problems( manifest functions)
- What is you find a problem with this function
- What if is fail in is manifest functio
FORMS OF RELIGIOUS LIFE
What is religion?
Why do humans follow religion?
What is the attraction?
What does it offer?
Whats at the heart of it?
Whats driving it?
Why Religion? Possible
Primitive science/Magic/Creation myths
Marx and Abstraction
Commodification of Labor
In Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts,
we get the character and consequences of
the alienation of labor.
In the German Ideology, we get a view of
Dates to Orient You
Weber, Max 1864-1920
CHARACTERS IN WEBERS
Weber was of lesser aristocratic descent.
He remained througho
The BaseSuperstructure Model
Wage-labor is rising
Artisan crafts are in decline
Factory production is starting to take hold
This transformation proves very productive
The scale and value of pro
Mechanical vs. Organic
An Historical Law!
It is an historical law that mechanical
solidarity which first stands alone,
progressively loses ground, and that
organic solidarity becomes,
No division of labor
Punishments are severe and
public. But the judicial process
is non public
Laws control a vast domain of
human behaviour. And only
interested in crimes
Private matter are very
important and unifor