ANTHROPOLOGY 1 QUIZ 2
1. What was a major difference between Darwins theory and the Neo-Darwinism of the
early 20th century?
2. A mutation . . .
a. is damage that modifies the sequence of base pairs in a length of DNA.
b. can result in the failure of an e
ANTHROPOLOGY 1Quiz 3 Spring 2013
1. What is the founder effect?
Why does it limit genetic variety?
What is genetic drift?
In what conditions does it limit genetic variety?
2. What is a clade?
Can there be clades within clades?
3. In what way is the evolut
ANTHROPOLOGY 1 QUIZ 1 Instructions: Come to section with a blue book and be
prepared to answer these questions without notes or books.
1. Charles Darwin
a. was born over 200 years ago.
b. had a grandfather who also was an evolutionist.
c. published The O
ANTHRO 1QUIZ 4
1. What is sexual dimorphism? Give an example.
2. Is monogamous reproduction more common in birds or in mammals? Why?
3. All other things being equal? Describe the social, environmental and/or
physiological conditions that
a. are likely to
8. Sexual selection,
ecology & parenting
Darwins logic of Sexual Selection
Natural selection does not explain extreme
and apparently detrimental traits, but .
better reproduction is more important than
optimizing survival, acces
7. Origins of sexual reproduction &
Evolutionary costs of sex
1.Only a random half ones genome gets past to
each offspring, and some genes inevitably dont
get passed on.
2.Good gene combinations tend to get broken-up
6. Evolution of sex
Genetic distance to our nearest relative
Chimpanzees & humans share homologous genes
in which the DNA is roughly 98-99% identical in
Since a typical gene may be 200-400 nucleotides
5. Evolution from a
Genes are often named for genetic disorders
Most physiological functions and structures are the result of a vast set of gene
interactions, affecting complex molecular and cell relationships.
4. Molecular basis of evolution
and organism function
What Darwin didnt know
Natural selection theory was
formulated without knowing
how traits are passed on.
Darwin only knew that
offspring tend to resemble
parents, though not exactly.
3. Evolutionary fallacies and the
revolutionary impact of the
discovery of genes
Darwins gure/ground shift (1838)
Natural selection is loosely
analogous to the selective breeding
of farm animals and plants.
Bees present a problem: only the
2. The logic of
Evolution: Fact and theory
There is extensive paleontological evidence of
fossil species, and fossil sequences that parallel
each other in different parts of the globe in
geological strata that are well-dat
An Introduction to
U C Berkeley - Spring 2013
Logic of the course
Part 1: developing an evolutionary
approach to behavior and physiology
Part 2: introduction to the primate and
fossil heritage of H
ANTHROPOLOGY 1 INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Professor Deacon Spring 2013 Syllabus & requirements
Lecture topic & reading assignments
Biological anthropology: history and the importance of evolution