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Chapter 1:
Basic Concepts and Definitions
Aside from the logical and mathematical sciences, there are three great branches of natural science which stand
apart by reason of the var
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ln aA = ln X A + constant
= ln X A + ln A
= ln X A A
(93)
where we have replaced the integration constant with the natural log of the activity coefficient. Since this
result must b
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Chapter 9:
Equilibrium in Multicomponent Systems - Solution Behavior
Phase equilibrium in single component systems
Reactions involving gases
Reactions between gases and pure solids
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Chapter 8 :
Reactions Between Gases and Pure Condensed Phases
Phase equilibrium in single-component systems
Reactions involving gases
Reactions between gases and pure solids
Equili
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Chapter 7:
Gas-Phase Reactions
Introduction: A Perspective
Before proceeding, it is perhaps worth a few moments to regain some perspective on where we
are, what we know, and where
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Chapter 6:
Equations of State of Simple Substances
Introduction
Specifying the state or condition of a system involves specifying a small number of variables or
properties of the s
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Chapter 5:
Free Energy and Phase Equilibrium in Simple Systems
Introduction: A Perspective
Before proceeding, it is perhaps worth a few moments to gain some perspective on where we
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Chapter 4:
Free Energy, Equilibrium Criteria, and Thermodynamic Relations
Introduction
Thermodynamics deals with four energy-like properties. The internal energy U and the enthalpy
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Chapter 3:
Entropy, The Second Law and The Carnot Cycle
It is impossible to construct a device that will operate in a cycle and produce no effect other than the raising of a weight
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Chapter 2:
Work, Heat, and the First Law
So, as science has progressed, it has been necessary to invent other forms of energy, and indeed an unfriendly critic
might claim, with som
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A. M. Glaeser
composition diagram affects and determines the form of the phase diagram. To do so, we will need to
consider some of the characteristics and consequences of free energy curves and