Participant Observation/ Ethnography
Sociology 5 November 15 & 20, 2007 Irene Bloemraad
regression analysis a method of data analysis where the researcher represents the distribution of data using a mathematical equation
A popular form of l
Lecture: 2/11 - Deductive Research
More Varieties of Concepts/Variables
Moderators = variables that alter the impact of X on Y
(X Y if Z=0, X Y if Z =1)
i.e. People who benefit most = the least who are likely to go
IV = college
DV = prestige / money / ben
Lecture 4 - Thurs 1/28 - Elements of Research
Elements of Research
Research topic specific research question
How do you come up with research topics?
reading scholarly historical, sociological, philosophical literature
dynamics: comparative with diff
Ways to Discover Reality
Direct Experience & Observation
o Know from doing it
o Old wisdom: What to do when youre sick
Inquiry: Errors and Solutions
o Know if from observation but not
Types of Longitudinal Studies
Trend studies: long period of time
Panel studies: individual - same type of people
Models of Inquiry
from general interest (make observation)
through coding/ comparisons specific
In ultimate to building
GOAL: interpret gather data
HOW true the claim is?
2 competing claims? (which one is more true)
Evaluate Empirical Research
Do Some Social Science
Lecture 5: 2/2 Research Design
S&P: Racial fluidity and Inequality in US
Racial identification change over time because of inequality?
racial identification: individual personal choice as a part of a racial
Lecture 9: 2/16 - Measurement
Conceptualization & Measurement
Q: Have you attained high degree of achievement?
A: Would not receive meaningful measurement
= need specific measurement variables and attributes.
2 Levels of Generality
1. abstract theore
Lecture 10: 2/18 - measurement II
= the strength of conclusion we can draw about research unit
Have we measured it/ measured well?
Are we measuring what we say we are?
Types of Validity
does your measure resemble your idea of the
Review from Last Class
How do we evaluate a measurement of a concept?
reliability whether a particular measurement, when applied repeatedly to the same object, will yield the same result each time. (Reliability does not guarantee accuracy!) validity
Sampling: Who Do We Interview?
Sociology 5 October 16, 2007 Professor Irene Bloemraad
Census vs. Samples
census total population count sample selecting a limited number of respondents (or observations) to represent a larger population population
Comparative/ Historical Methods
Sociology 5 Irene Bloemraad November 27, 2007
coding: labeling, categorizing and sorting data to organize data & see patterns (quantitative or qualitative data)
manifest content of a survey answer, doc
Preparing an Interview Project
Sociology 5 October 9, 2007 Professor Irene Bloemraad
REVIEW from last week
Interviewing - asking research subjects to provide information about their thoughts, activities, and experiences. We rely on others self-repo
Lecture 3 - Tues 1/26
How creation of knowledge is organized.
Theory: logically interconnected set of predictions about the world
Paradigm: a framework within which scientists think; an intellectual perspective shared
by scientists that guides