Part A Case is a grammatical category which marks the grammatical function of a noun (such as
subject, object, object of a preposition, etc.). Nominative, accusative, dative, instrumental, and
inessive are all types of case and are mar
Part A: Natural classes
1. File 3.6, exercise 15 (p. 137).
2. File 3.6, exercise 16 (p. 138).
Part B: Italian nasals Do exercise 27 in File 3.6 (p. 1401). Write out your answer in
a clear and coherent fashion. Make sure to answer all q
Part A: Structural ambiguity
The sentence in (1) in structurally ambiguous. Provide a paraphrase for each of the two meanings of the
sentence and label them (A) and (B). Draw two phrase structure trees for sentence (1) and note which t
1. File 1.6, exercise 24. Write out your answer in full sentences. We expect answers to be 5-10
2. File 2.8, exercise 6
3. File 2.8, ae of exercise 7.
4. File 2.8, exercise 8
5. Below are a list of Karuk verbs that tran
Preamble This homework is about English plural formation and builds on the analysis of the English
plural presented in File 3.3.4 (pp. 122123) and in lecture on February 13. It also builds on Berkos article
on childrens acquisition of
Part A: Phrase Structure
Consider the following data from Chungli Ao, a Tibeto Burman language spoken in east India.
lai kh elem
he lie(noun) spoke
Ling 100 Sample Midterm Solutions
(Note: Back monophthongs is also correct. The textbook generally doesnt address diphthongs
in its natural class descriptions, so its fine to just say back vowels.)
[s z ]
Part A Transcribe the following English words in IPA as pronounced in the sound les
labelled happy.wav and cry.wav:
Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed English
Part A (8 points)
What natural class do the following sounds form in English [u U O A] ?
List the natural class of English sibilants.
Question 3 If two phones are in contrastive distribution, are they allophon
A: Totonac vowels
Exercise 33 of File 3.6 (p. 142) on Totonac.
B: German fricatives
Exercise 37 of File 3.6 (pp. 143-144) on German.
C: Karuk vowel epenthesis
This last problem is about vowel epenthesis in Karuk. The data is complex so