abiotic pollination wind/water
biotic pollination mobile animals preferably winged animals for symbiosis
nectar - sugar or pollen
80% of plants
Flowers have visual signals (colors) and olfactory signals (smells)
Pollinators rely on scent, colo
Estrogen accidental; byproduct leading to plant sterol
Plants dont have endocrine system!
Plant hormones can be ethylene, purine based cytokinin, amino acid based auxine,
or terpenoid based dormins and gibberellins
Estrogens are steroids for fema
The plants defence is based on both physical and chemical factors.
Chemical defences are provided by toxins and repellent substances of one type
or another within the plant itself. These toxins have had and continue to have a
key role in protecting plants
There are about 5,000 potato varieties worldwide. Three thousand of them are
found in the Andes alone, mainly in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile, and Colombia.
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial Solanum tuberosum
of the Solanaceae fam
Aucuba japonica (Cornaceae)
Aucubin is an iridoid glycoside. Iridoids
are commonly found in plants and
function as defensive compounds.
Irioids decrease the growth rates of many
Hymenoxys odorata is a species of flowering
plant in th
Salvia is the largest genus of plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, with
approximately 700-900 species of shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and annuals. It is
one of several genera commonly referred to as sage. When used without modifiers,
Right amount and
Pheromones are the chemicals a living organism emits that organisms of
the same species can detect. Scientific research has revealed that plants,