Actor-Network Theory (ANT)
September 19th, 2014
The Social Construction Of Technology
(SCOT) perspective emphasizes:
That technological artifacts are not simply
material embodiments of
Rather, their meaning is interp
NUMBERS, FACTS AND TRENDS SHAPING THE WORLD
AUGUST 26, 2014
Facebook, Twitter, and other platforms did not provide new outlets for the discussion
of the Snowden-NSA revelations. In fact, people were less likely to discuss these issues
on social media than
The Wealth of Networks:
How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom
by Yochai Benkler, Yale University Press
Copyright 2006, Yochai Benkler.
Political Freedom Part 1: The Trouble with Mass Media
Design Characteristics of a Communicatio
Automation in the workplace
and the issue of skill
November 2nd & 4th, 2015
1) Posing the question: what happens to skill when
technology is introduced into the workplace?
2) The de-skilling thesis
3) Up-skilling, not de-skilling?
4) Revisiting the de-ski
automation in the workplace
C. Hanley (2014), Putting the Bias in Skill-Biased Technological Change American Behavioral Scientist 58(3): 400-415
November 6th & 9th, 2015
A constructivist view of automation,
via a relational perspecti
Technology and income
November 13th 18th, 2015
Income inequality in the U.S.
Source: Thomas Pikety and Emmanuel Saez.
Chart by Catherine Mulbrandon ofVisualizingEconomics.com.
Thomas Pikety and Emmanuel Saez.
Chart by Catherine Mulbrandon ofVis
Where do technological
innovations come from?
F. Block & M. Keller, Where Do Innovations Come From? Transformations in the U.S. National Innovation System, 1970-2006
Nov. 30th & Dec. 2nd, 2015
President Obama (2012): the government
created the Internet (?
Technology wont fix Americas neediest schools. It
makes bad education worse.
For teachers already struggling to keep their students engaged, a
computer is more hindrance than help.
By Kentaro Toyama June 4 at 6:00 AM
Kentaro Toyama is the W
Technology and the
ideology of progress
M. Shaer, The False Promise of DNA Testing The Atlantic June 2016
J. Wetmore, New technology is making us more like the Amish Slate 24
September 2nd & 7th, 2016
What happens in a DNA
DNA: carrier of
Mondays 1:30-3:30 PM
Barrows Hall, Room 487
Alisa Szatrowski, Taki Hirakawa,
What are we
studying in this
08.31.16 Week 2 (W)
How should a technology work in society?
Example #1 Credit card company charges the merchant for the use of the credit card technology
The credit card company provides a service and merchants must pay for this service sometimes,
August 26, 2016 (F)
Bananas: pallets or nets, manually arranged
Consequence: costly, half of shipping goods came at the port alone
Advent of container: made shipping much less labor intensive, amenable to automation
Result: process of intl trade is made m
DAY 6-8 LECTURES
<The neutrality assumption of technological determinism>
- Technologies are neither good nor bad. They are simply tools.
- The impact of a technology upon society is strictly a product of its objective
internal dynamic and nothing else.
Technological determinism is a reductionist theory that presumes that a
society's technology drives the development of its social structure and cultural
(A) assumption by Benkler is that people have intrinsic motivations, which have
no outlet in a
The Relationship between Technology and
Society I: Technological
September 10th & 12th,
Theories of Technology &
grand theory: proposes
that there are overarching
logics to society and seeks to
Approaches the social
The Prolongation of Life
September 8th, 2014
Recap: the problem of
technological dualism and the
question of progress
Some things, U.S. health care
The Social Construction of
September 15th & 17th,
What is the relationship
between science and
science: the discovery of truth
technology: the application of truth
Technology is the
Sociology 166 Society &
Me: Dr. Linus Huang
(Drop-In) Office Hours: Mondays, 3:30-5:30
Office Location: 434 Barrows Hall
All readings will be available in PDF format
on the course bCourses site in the
Technology and Social Values
L. Winner, Do Artifacts Have Politics?
D. Sarewitz, Pas de Trois
September 22nd, 24th,
Recap: what effect will
Technology X have on society?
This is not a straightforward question!
What conceptual framework we use t
Where do innovations
September 29th +
October 1st, 2014
To see how the
organization of scientific
practice, and the
corrupted academic science?
October 3rd & 6th, 2014
Last time: interorganizational
collaborations between public and
private organizations are the new thing
Corporations are increasingly collaborating
with federal labs, private nonpr
The Anti-Genetic Engineering
October 8th & 10th,
What are the social processes
laying behind technological
The public perception of
genetically engineered (GE)
Technological determinism: social
perceptions of technology
Technology and Risk: The
Space Shuttle Challenger
October 13th & 15th,
What is to be explained here?
Block & Keller: technological innovation
involves inherent uncertainty and, hence,
Knowledge is inherently uncertain.
Expertise may be
Yochai Benkler argues in The Wealth of Networks that the
technology of the Internet results in broader participation
in the political process because it facilitates social
networking between citizens around matters of local civic
importance that would lik
SOCIOL 166 DAY 3~5 NOTES
<Reification and the Ideology of Progress>
* Reification: () the belief that a technological artifact(,)
has a reality independent of the social systems that actually are key
to its function.
-Our mission in 166 this semester: a c
Fukuyama: the prolongation of life what are the consequences of always improving medical
technology on society? [we start with a technology like the steam mill or medical technology and
these technologies have deterministic effects on society