No synonymy and polysemy (Slide 1)
If you said breakfast to mean the meal you eat, before or after a certain hour in the
AM, then you are really using the time of day frame to define what breakfast is.
You have this entire structure that is the day. Morni
The meanings that a word picks out might be
Most words are already perspectivized; there are few perspective-free forms of
Perspective: a lexically encoded set pre-configuration of the internal dynamics of a
What does that mean?
We know now that spatial terms like in and over have multiple meanings,
depending on the scene involved.
How do spatial terms and categories vary by language? Is English in the
same as en?
Does language input play a role in childrens se
If a language has only one name for a thing, it is at the basic level.
If a language has only one name for a thing, it is never at the superordinate
There is always a best example (prototype), at every level.
There is more inter-
Embodied theories of meaning
Conceptual structure arises from bodily experience
Semantic structure is conceptual structure
Meaning representation is encyclopedic: words are access points into
meanings grounded in encyclopedic knowledge
Primary Scenes That idea of a purpose is an abstract idea
Location Event Structure Metaphors We might have he drove me crazy
Object Event Structure Metaphors - We arent seeing the source domain as
motions and locations. The source domain is an object. My
Moral is up and immoral is down
Healthy is down, and unhealthy is up
Good is up, Moral is up
Specific image in the source
Uniqueness is a good thing Makes it more valuable.
Cultural inferences singular/unique is valued and precious. Common is bad and
My mind is wandering. Youre placement in the physical surrounding. Target domain
thinking in the mind
Analyzing is Weighing
Primary scene is the experiential situation that allows you to get the primary
metaphors. One takeaway. Please he
A Nation under Joint Custody
How conflicting family models divide US politics
Moral Politics theory George Lakoff 1996
Divides conservatism and liberalism
o As strict fathe
Although on the surface political issues often s
The target domain is the meaning of the sentence. The source domain is used to
relay important points to the target domain.
It is relative concreteness and relative abstractness.
Frames have roles. Metaphor is a bundle of mappings from a set of s
The Spanish-Aymara speakers were performing Aymara-specific gestures even
though they were speaking in Spanish.
Ethnically Aymara, but only spoke Spanish. These people tended to pattern more
What ends up happening is that when they are gestu
Metaphor is all about mappings between frames, but metonymy is relationship
within a frame or a category instead of relationships
Broadening, the case where the specific went to generic
subcategory to category
Narrowing, the case where the generi
Brittany Ghosn SID: 19488408 Homework #1 Elisabeth Wehling Section 203 Part I: Frame Semantics John handed in the assignment. Frame: This sentence evokes the classroom frame, by describing a situation that matches facts about being a student in a class, e
We cannot help getting around the metaphor for time. Construes time in
terms of space.
We perform gestures on a subconscious level. The participants gesture a lot,
but they dont realize it.
The Time Orientation Metaphor English
The present is the loc
Argument is War
Love is a Journey
Theories are Buildings
o We have a rich structure of what a building is.
Time/Labor/Person is a Valuable Resource
Primary vs. General
General metaphors do not arise out of primary scenes. Primaries
Mother fulfills the birthing criteria, but it isnt her egg. Its not her husband or her
From outside the boundary to inside the boundary. It is fast. But what does it take
from inside the boundary to the center. Check of