The Great Fat Debate
-blood glucose levels increase immediately after eating
-several hrs after a meal glucose levels decrease
Glycolysis doesnt require oxygen making it an anaerobic function
Glucose is cleared differently for diabetic people due to insul
Lecture 2 Notes
Nutrition Recommendations for Modern Diet
- Will impact longevity
Dietary Reference Intake
- Not consumed everyday but an average
Whole grains: nutrients that are not washed out
Fat: cholesterol, overall fat content (t
Review NUSCTX Midterm3
Minnesota semi starvation
Stages of semi starvation
Def of malnutrition
Protein storage fact or fiction
Differences in Kwashnoir and marasmus
Effects of alcohol excess
Male, single, in good physical and mental health, also show abil
Feasting and fasting
Feasting you eat excess food= excess energy which is stored as adapost tissue
Fasting brakes down adapost tissue
To much ketones=ketoadidosis
Heart has a problem or impaired heart
-Assignment 3 due next week
-soluble vs insoluble fiber
*soluble can absorb water
*slows digestion and softens stool (soluble fiber)
*insoluble fiber can be found
Neither fiber is a source of calories and cant be digested
*can be found in barley, peas, be
NST10 Exam 2 Review Guide
Definition: a substance that is insoluble in water and contains hydrocarbons. Important b/c they
make the building blocks of the structure and function of living cells.
1. PROVIDES ENERGY at rest
EXAM 1 REVIEW
NST10 Spring 2015
WHATS ON THIS TEST?
Nutrients, generally speaking
Water and water balance
Fats, Carbohydrates, Protein (kcal/g)?
Review, review, review.
Lets do this.
Thrifty Gene Theory
Set point theory
Metabolic set point
Key to a good diet
CVD, diabetes, gallbladder disease, colon cancer, hypertension
Nutrition: the process of obtaining and the assimilation of food necessary for the health, maintenance,
growth and reproduction of the organism.
The study of human nutrition requires the integration of many sciences (e.g. socia
Lecture 5 Notes
- Biological molecule that is not soluble in water
Major form of fat in the body
3 fatty acids and glycerol molecule
1 fatty acid: monoglyceride, 2 fatty acid: diglyceride
capacity to make ATP is stored in triglyceri
Lecture 4 Notes
Carbohydrates in the Diet
- Most carbohydrates are processed (refined), many vitamins, minerals,
fiber are removed
- Refined: only endosperm, mainly starch
o Plants convert glucose into starch, digestion converts starch ba
Lecture 1 Notes
August 30, 2016
- Energy through processes called metabolism
- Why do we care about sodium? Blood pressure
- Fats: obesity, heart disease (cholesterol)
- Sugar: heart disease
- We cannot make everything;
Dietary Fiber: includes complex carbohydrates that cannot be digested by human enzymes.
Soluble fiber dissolves in water.
Insoluble fiber does not dissolve in water.
Fibers can be added to processed foods to thicken foods
Carbohydrates in the Modern Diet
Carbohydrates are basis of most modern diets.
Carbohydrates in "whole foods" are in their natural state (fresh fruit, dairy, whole grains).
Refining carbohydrates separates carbohydrates from thei
* Goal of digestive system = absorb macro- and micronutrients.
Digestion Nutrient Breakdown
The carbohydrate form we care mostly about is glucose
Polypeptides = piece of protein broken down into amino acids (absorbed and
Lipids: Any biological molecule not soluble in water.
Proteins: Very versatile molecules built from amino acids.
Body cannot make all amino acids so it must ingest them in large amounts.
Triglycerides = main energy storage in our bodies, stored in adipose tissues
Energy comes from catabolic rxn of removing fatty acids from glycerol
Phospholipids: does not yield energy (it can, we just don't us
Professor: Robert Ryan
OH: Thursdays, 3-4 pm, 233 Morgan
The second professor to teach this course will be Marc Hellerstein.
Discussion sections are NOT optional they will begin 8/29. You should attend the
discussion section you are enrol
NST10 Exam 1 Review Guide Spring 2016
Note: This review guide outlines major topics covered in lectures,
discussion, and the required reading. It is meant to help you organize
course material and study efficiently and is therefore in no way
-Different roles in the body
DNA and RNA synthesis, heme synthesis, bone formation, taste acuity, immune
function, reproduction, growth, transcription factor
- growth and development
Sources: oysters, Beef and Pork, Lobster, Salmon Yogurt, Milk Eggs
NST 10 INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN NUTRITION
DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITIONAL SCIENCES & TOXICOLOGY
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY
Monday & Wednesday, 1:10pm 2:00 pm, Wheeler Auditorium
50-minute discussion each
NST 10: Spring 2016
Midterm 1 Wednesday February 24, 2016
- DO NOT open the test until you are instructed to begin by the GSIs.
- Use only a #2 pencil to fill out your scantron.
- No calculators or cell phones are allowed during the exam.