This Homie Named Homer
Homeric Question: who or what is Homer?
Friedrich August Wolf believe that Homer did not write all of these poems, he just put
a bunch of poems together
The Pisistratean Recension Pisistrantus was the king of Athens who had all of
The Wars of Successors, Phase One
When Alexander dies, it is a free for all.
The Three Who Fight for Macedonia:
Craterus Alexanders general, who had been sent back to Macedonia because he had
left Antipater in charge and he was not doing what he wanted hi
They loose their wealth and power
euergetists wealthy Greeks who provide privet donations to cities so they can thrive.
The only way that Athens and other cities could survive and do public works was to find
a wealthy citizen to donate the mone
The Persian Wars
Herodotus father of history he traveled around the world and told Greeks what he
saw, he told stories about other people and the wars in Persia. He is the first historian
whose work survives. He wants to explain to Greeks what happens and
The Hellenistic Century: 323-220
Introduction J.G. Droyson coined the term Hellenistic. It was an insult. Everything
before this was Hellenistic, and after the death of Alexander it slipped into slums. In the
last 50 years, we have come to look at this pe
The Greeks before History, 12,000 1200 B.C.
Where there are Greeks, there will be art. One of the oldest signs of human habitation on
the Greek mainland is a Paleolithic carving of a horse from a cave near Mount Peloion in
Thessaly. This is basically a st
The Greeks At Home
Introduction we know very little about home life except during the period we cover
Oikos (insert greek) homelife
Athens is very carefully laid out. When they talk about home life, they are talking
about the physical area. In a lo
The Dark Age
The collapse of the Old States Assyria was the only empire on the rise. People were
miserable, so what did they do?
Life among the ruins:
Bronze to iron tin supply was cut off so they were forced to just use iron
(Iron Age). They could not t
The 50 years that follow the Persian Wars
Democracy and Empire: Athens and Syracuse, 479 431 B.C.
The Expansion of the Syracusan State, 479 461 B.C.
Main Players Sicily and Athens
Syracuse wealthiest and largest city in Sicily
Hiero the per
Mythos () saying or story
Divine myths stories in which gods are important, creating the universe
and establishing its rulers
Legends stories about heroes and the human past, analogous to our
Folktale fictional stories with moral content
Material Culture of Hellenistic Greece
Great Altar (The relief are not at the top any more, they are at ground level so
that people can really see them.) The Germans stole it and took it to Berlin.
Winged Nike of Samothrace
Barberini Faun copy
Greece Under Rome
Knock it down and cause collapse smushed by Rome!
The Rise of Rome prior to this, most Greeks did not know where Rome was . They were not a
power. Prior to the 280 B.C.s Rome does not exist for the Greeks.
Monarchy 753-509 B.C. a small t
Country and People
Plato frogs around the a pond this is a reference to the fact that populations were
clustered around the coast of the Mediterranean the land divides and the sea unties
the Greeks met many people by sea, not usually by land.
Archaic Greece: Economy, Society, and Politics
This is the transition from the Dark Ages to the Classical Age.
Government by Oligarchy
Oligarchies small body of people running the government; aristocracy emerges
Agathoi () (oligarchs people who are in cha
Ancient Greek Timeline and Language
Geography and Chronology time and space
Greece is in the middle of the Mediterranean. Therefore to go anywhere in the area, you
have to cross it. Notice that the isle of Crete is especially important because it actually