Basic biology review for ecology
Genes are functional regions of the chromosome composed of DNA, which
Agene can have two or more forms (alleloes)
Genotype is the genetic makeup of an individual
Phenotype is an expressino of the ge
MORE PEOPLE, MORE CONCRETE,
LOTS MORE HEAT IN PHOENIX
An "urban heat island" effect, fed by the city's growth, is trapping heat and making
By Faye Bowers | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor
from the August 30, 2007 edition
CLIMATE CHANGE THREATENS LIFE
IN SHISHMAREF, ALASKA
By John D. Sutter, CNN
Shishmaref, Alaska (CNN) - When the arctic winds howl and angry waves pummel the
shore of this Inupiat Eskimo village, Shelton and Clara Kokeok fear that their house, already at
CHINA SOUNDS RETREAT AGAINST
Decades of flawed agricultural policies have led to rapid desertification.
By Simon Montlake | Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor
from the August 16, 2007 edition
ZHENGXIN, CHINA - Behind the wa
CHILE QUAKE MAY HAVE TIPPED
(CNN) - The massive earthquake that struck Chile on Saturday may have shifted the
Earth's axis and created shorter days, scientists at NASA say.
The change is negligible, but permanent: Each day should be 1.26 micr
Arctic melt-off: ahead of schedule
A new analysis shows that well before the century's end, it could be ice-free for part of the year.
By Gregory M. Lamb
Hundreds of scientists and government officials from around the world are meeting in
A good wind, please: Utah waits for clear air
SALT LAKE CITY (AP) Utah's
world-class mountain peaks have been barely
visible at times from the floor of the Salt
Lake valley. A winter storm that won't quit?
No, it's nasty pollution that just won't
ON NAURU, A SINKING FEELING
By MARCUS STEPHEN
Published: July 18, 2011
I FORGIVE you if you have never heard of my country.
At just 8 square miles, about a third of the size of Manhattan, and located in the southern
Pacific Ocean, Nauru appea
GUANABARA BAY MAY FOUL OLYMPICS
By JULIANA BARBASSA
Garbage litters Guanabara Bay in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
RIO DE JANEIRO - Oceanographer Vinicius Palermo reaches into Guanabara Bay with
a hand-held net, scooping another soggy load of c
SCIENTISTS MAP NORTH ATLANTIC
A huge garbage patch of floating plastic in the North Atlantic Ocean has been
documented by scientists for the first time.
Plastic accumulated in regions called gyres, where currents circle and push water toward
Species Abundance and Diversity
Community: Association of interacting species inhabiting some defined area.
Community Structure includes attributes such as number of species,
relative species abundance, and species diversity.
Guild: Group o
Climate & Biomes
1. What is the Coriolis Effect?
a. The influence of the frictional forces associated with the spinning of Earth
on its axis on wind and ocean current direction
b. Clockwise in the Northern hemisphere
c. Counterclockwise in the Southern he
Disturbances and Species Richness
A discrete even that kills, displaces, or injures 1 or more individuals
VERY COMMON IN NATURE
o Consequence of disturbance
Frees up resources
Allows new individuals to invade
Ecology is not:
Ecology Defined as:
The study of distribution abundance and interaction of species
Study of how organisms affect and are affected by other organisms and
Ecology is p
1. What are genotypes and phenotypes?
a. Genotype is the genetic makeup of an individual
b. Phenotype is an expression of the genotype (observable characteristic)
2. How do they interact?
a. A single genotype may lead to many different p
Physiological and Behavioral Ecology
1. What is the importance of tolerance and avoidance in determining physiology and
a. They determine speciation
b. The higher the tolerance, the wider range of stressors the individual can
2. How do
HOWS THE WEATHER?
By MADHULIKA GUHATHAKURTA and DANIEL N. BAKER
Published: June 16, 2011
LATELY, the Sun has been behaving a bit strangely. In 2008 and 2009, it showed the least
surface activity in nearly a century. Solar flare activity stopped cold and w