PLAN 604 Planning Methods
Lecture 15 Linear
Regression and Correlation
Part 1
Agenda
1. Linear relationships
2. Y-intercept and slope in the
linear function
3. Least squares prediction
equation
4. Interpreting SPSS output
5. Linear regression model
Relat

PLAN 604
Planning Methods
Lecture 12
Confidence Intervals
Agenda
1. Key Terms
2. Recap from last time
3. Point estimation
4. Bias and efficiency
5. Confidence interval for a mean
6. Using SPSS output
7. Confidence interval for a
proportion
Key Terms
Poin

Lecture 14
Inferential Statistics
Significance Tests for a
Mean
Todays Agenda
1. Key Terms
2. Elements of a significance test
3. Significance test for a mean
4. Interpreting the results
Key Terms
Hypothesis:
A statement made about some characteristic
of a

PLAN 604 Planning Methods
Linear Regression and
Correlation Part 2
Agenda
1. Recap
2. Correlation
3. r squared
4. Statistical inference for the
slope
5. Confidence interval for the
slope
6. Inference for the correlation r
Linear function
The linear functi

PLAN 604
Planning Methods
Lecture 11
Normal Distribution Part 2
Agenda
1. Key Terms
2. Recap from last time
3. Normal Distribution
4. Z-scores and probabilities
Key Terms
Normal distribution:
A symmetric, bell-shaped curve,
characterized by its mean
and

PLAN 604
Planning Methods
Lecture 14 Significance
Tests for Proportion
Todays Agenda
1. Key Terms
2. Review of Hypothesis tests
3. Significance Test for Proportion
4. Errors in Hypothesis tests
Key Terms
Hypothesis:
A statement made about some characteris

PLAN 604 Planning Methods
Lecture 2 Elements of Research
Design
Key Elements of Research Design
What entities (e.g., individual people, groups,
formal organizations, nations) are to be
studied
What aspects or characteristics of these
entities are of int

PLAN 604 Planning Methods
Lecture 4 Sampling
Sampling
Inferences about a whole class of objects are
made from observations of a subset of such
objects
1. We seek knowledge or information about a
whole class of similar objects or events
(population)
2. We

PLAN 604 Planning Methods
Lecture 1 Introduction to Planning
Methods
Lecture Overview
What is social science research?
Why study research methods?
Methodological approaches
Experiments
Survey research
Field research
Available data
Some basic stati

PLAN 604
Planning Methods
Lecture 10
Normal Distribution Part 1
Todays Agenda
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Key terms
Range
Deviation
Variance
Standard deviation
Empirical rule
Probability Distributions
Notation
For samples:
X
s
Mean
standard deviation
For popula

PLAN 604
Planning Methods
Lecture 9
Introduction to Quantitative Methods
(Measures of Central Tendency)
Agenda
1.
2.
3.
4.
Sample and Population Distributions
Common Graphs
Key terms
Notation
Measures of Central Tendency
5. Mean
6. Median
7. Quartiles an

PLAN 604 Planning Methods
Lecture 6 Survey Research and Design
General Features of Survey Research
A large number of respondents are chosen
through probability sampling procedures to
represent the population of interest
Systematic questionnaire or inter

PLAN 604 Planning Methods
Lecture 8 U.S. Census and Household Travel
Surveys
What is the Census?
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically
acquiring and recording information about the
members of a given population
The term is used mostly in co

PLAN 604 Planning Methods
Lecture 7 Survey Instrumentation
Survey Instrumentation
Survey instrument design is a creative process,
partly art and partly science (Payme, 1951)
The designer of a survey instrument must be
concerned ultimately with getting r

PLAN 604 Planning Methods
Lecture 5 Experimentation and
Experimental Design
Experimentation
The key features of the experimental approach
are manipulation and control
Experiments more effectively eliminate the
possibility of extraneous variables offerin

PLAN 604 Planning Methods
S&S Chapter 5
Measurement
The Measurement Process
Measurement is the process of assigning
numbers or labels to units of analysis in order
to represent conceptual properties
The entire measurement process consist of
moving from