Start with idea first
General to specific; refined through time
Based on literature, real world problem, issue in media, societal challenge, etc.
Need is a main driver for applied research
Next define the issue or problem
Three ways to classify research
- Typically theoretical in nature (predict)
- Minimal immediate practical implications
- Lifeblood of research (we do less of this)
- Examples: Why are certain participants motiva
Reviewing the literature
What a literature review is.
Review of pertinent literature to topic
Synthesis of previous work
interpretation/evaluation of individual pieces of literature that set the stage for your
One of the most important parts
Deciding on a Research Topic
Where do you get ideas/direction for research?
Practical problems/current issues
The published literature
Previous research (not all is published)
Google is not the answer t
The relationship between reliability and validity seems fairly straight foreword. It would
appear that they would go hand in hand. If something is reliable it must be valid or if
something is valid it must be reliable. However, this is not the case. A mea
Research can be used for a multitude of reasons, it can be used to find a problem,
or maybe to solve a problem. Research can be used to find new ideas, or to improve on
already generated ideas. It can be used to discovery primary data, or to add on to the
5) What are some important considerations a person should make in presenting before an
audience? Which is toughest for you to follow? Which have you run into or seen in
There are a number of considerations one should consider before making
Units of Analysis & Operationalizing Variables
What is the entity that will be measured?
*You can do a study at multiple levels; individuals and community*
What is a variable?