3 meanings of Orientalism
1. Academic definition
2. A Style of thought: Imaginative
Related to and coming out of the academic tradition is a "style of thought"
based on a distinction btw the "East" and the "West" (Orient and
1) Translating, Naming, Classifying
a) Jean de Lvy was a French Renaissance protestant was traveled to Brazil in 1556
as a member of a Protestant mission to the New World
b) He took daily notes during his two years there among the Tupinamb ppl wh
a) Scythia is described as a place of wilderness
Hartog quotes this notion of a "Scythian Wilderness"
(a) "solitary and completely wild places"
(b) "Scythian desert"
(c) "Abandoned ppl"
b) Land beyond
(1) In relatio
1) The Marvelous (contd)
a) By the time of the third voyage there is a specific political and rhetorical reason
for evocation of wonder
b) Columbus has not brought back gold
c) To insist on the marvelous nature of the discoveries implies that he
1) Narrative constraints
a) Later Hartog will define the term "narrative constraints" to mean an
ulterior motive of the story
b) They are elements that the story must contain, or notions that they story
must evoke, in order to cause the listener
About the Author
Herodotus - 4th Book
Lived during 5th century BCE
Recounts Persian wars before he was born in the Histories
Divided into 9 books - each has name of the 9 Muses
Called his writings logos or logoi: "Narratives"
Viewed as the
a) Greenblatt is interested in the "complex uses" of stories
b) He will organize his book around "representative anecdotes"
c) Stephen Greenblatt is a literary critic, not a historian, he isn't interested in telling a
"grand narrative" o
1) The enigmas
a) If Columbus' goal was to reach the outlying regions of the Indies, how and why
did he expect to take possession of anything (the land was already in the
possession of the Grand Khan)?
b) If Columbus was on as state-sponsored mis
Read the "Mirror of Herodotus" by Franis Hartog
Hartog: "Mirror of Herodotus"
Aim: to discover how the Greeks of the classical period saw others (non-Greeks)
a.k.a. the "mirror"
By describing non-Greeks, he "constructed for the Greeks a
1) Scythians and Nomads
a) In the shared knowledge of the Greeks, "Scythian" and "nomad" are
b) Both share:
An ignorance of ploughing and sowing
They don't live in houses
2) Scythians can be "un-nomadic"
a) In the Scy