Resource Allocation in
Mathematical Background: Convex Optimization
In this section, we present some basic results from convex optimization which we will find useful
in the rest of the chapter. Often, the results will
Queuing Theory in Continuous Time
We have learned about discrete-time Markov Chains (DTMCs) and discrete-time queueing systems
in Chapter 3. In this chapter, we will look at continuous-time queueing systems, including the
M/M/1 queue, the M/GI/1
Links: Statistical Multiplexing and
In Chapter 2, we assumed that the transmission rates xr are positive, and derived fair and stable
resource allocation algorithms. In reality, since data is transmitted in the form of packets, the rates
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will first introduce the concept
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Topic 1 Introduction to Excel.
1. What is Microsoft Excel?
It is a software developed and manufactured by Microsoft Corporation that allows users to
organize, format, and calculate data with formulas using a spreadsheet system broken up by rows
A PivotTable lets you rearrange worksheet data so
you can analyze it in a variety of ways.
Allow for data aggregation and disaggregation
A PivotChart can be created to graphically display
The slicer includes column heading
Topic 3 Changing Cell Appearance
In this topic, we will learn to change cell appearance by use cell operation, hide and unhide cell, and use
reference from different work sheet to write simple function.
You can find cell operation in Home
What Are Functions? (1 of 2)
A function is a shorthand way to write an equation
that performs a calculation.
A formula with a function has three parts:
The equal sign identifies the cell contents as a
The function name identifies the operatio
A chart is a graphical representation of data.
The four most commonly used charts are a column
chart, a line chart, a pie chart, and a scatter chart.
These charts as well as several other types of charts
are available in the Charts group on
Excel offers powerful functions to count, sum, and
locate specific information.
To find the total number
of cells that have
numeric data, use th
Topic 4 Cell Manipulation
Highlight Cells Rules
To highlight cells that are greater than a value, execute the following steps.
1. Select the range A1:A10.
2. On the Home tab, click Conditional Formatting, High