AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 4: PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
A frequency distribution gives an analysis of the number of
times each particular value occurs in a set of items. A
probability distribution simply replaces the ac
AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 2: DATA DESCRIPTION (A)
MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY (LOCATION)
The measures of central tendency is usually called the
average. Central tendency is a single value situated at the
centre of a data and can be taken as a
AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 2: DATA DESCRIPTION (B)
MEASURES OF DISPERSION
Measures of dispersion help us to understand the spread or
variability of a set of data. It gives additional information to
judge the reliability of the measure of centr
AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 6: TIME SERIES ANALYSIS (B)
Measuring The Components
(b) Identifying the seasonal component
Seasonal variation has a distinctive characteristic of being
periodic with a recurring pattern from year to year, month to
mo
AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 6: TIME SERIES ANALYSIS (A)
Time series is a set of observations of a variable taken at
specific times, usually at equal time intervals.
Examples of time series data
1. Daily output of a factory for the past three wee
AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 3: PROBABILITY
TERMS USED IN PROBABILITY THEORY
Experiment
In probability term, an experiment is defined as a process
which generates a well-defined outcome that is not
predictable in advance, but where all possible
AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND
DATA PRESENTATION
INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS
Statistics represent scientific procedures and methods for
collecting, organizing, summarizing, presenting and
analyzing data, as well as
AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 5 CORRELATION AND LINEAR
REGRESSION
Correlation
measures the strength of the relationship between
two variables
involves a bivariate data / distribution
Regression
a study to identify the relationship between two o
AAMS 1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 7: INDEX NUMBER
An index number is used to measure changes in a variable
or a group of related variables with respect to time.
Variables (or economic commodities) may be prices,
quantities, values, wages, expenditu
AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 8: FINANCIAL MATHEMATICS (B)
ANNUITIES
An annuity is a sequence of fixed equal payments (or
receipts) made over uniform time intervals. Some common
examples of annuities are:
(a) monthly wages
(b) insurance premiums
(
AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
CHAPTER 8: FINANCIAL MATHEMATICS (A)
ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION
An arithmetic progression (AP) is a sequence of numbers
which increases or decreases by a fixed constant amount
called the common difference (d).
Examples:
(i) 2, 8,
AAMS1773 QUANTITATIVE STUDIES
FORMULAE
Mean, raw data
x
x
=
x=
N
n
Standard deviation, raw data
=
s=
x
N
x
2
2
x
N
Mean, grouped data
fx
fx
=
x=
f
f
Standard deviation, grouped data
2
=
( x )2
2
fx
f
2
( fx )
2
n
s=
n 1
c n
Median = Lm + m f m
A financial system may be defined as a set of
institutions,
instruments
and
markets
which
promotes savings and channels them to their
most efficient use.
It also consists of individuals (savers),and users
of savings (investors).
Financial System
Financial
.
Structured Finance
Structured Finance
It is a financing model for certain type of Assets
In this model,the Assets are isolated from the
originator
Simultaneously the risk element therein is also
mitigated.
Liquidity and risk transfer is typically ac
Negotiable Instrument Act 1881
Cheques
Instrument means any written document
by which a right is created in favour of
some person.
Get up to speed
Negotiable means
a)Freely transferable from one person to
another
b)Transferable free from defect
Get up to
Structured Financing
Structured Finance
It is a financing model for certain type of Assets
In this model,the Assets are isolated from the
originator
Simultaneously the risk element therein is also
mitigated.
Liquidity and risk transfer is typically ac
Private Equity
Thoughts before considering Private Equity
Are you willing to sell some of your companys shares
to a private equity investor?
Does your company have high growth prospects ?
Are you and your team ambitious to grow your company rapidly?
Does
Classifications of Financial
Institutions
Financial institutions
This segment is divided into two types of Institutions:
Regulators
Intermediaries
Financial Sector - Regulators
INTERMEDIARIES
Intermediary Financial Institutions are essentially of
two type
Classifications of Financial
Institutions
1
Financial institutions
This segment is divided into two types of Institutions:
Regulators
Intermediaries
2
Financial Sector - Regulators
3
INTERMEDIARIES
Intermediary Financial Institutions are essentially of
tw
RTGS/NEFT
Payments and Settlement
Systems in Banks
Payment and Settlement Act ,2007 : PSS Act 2007
The PSS Act, 2007 provides for the regulation and
supervision of payment systems in India and designates
the Reserve Bank of India (Reserve Bank) as the
aut
MUTUALFUNDS
Concept
A Mutual Fund is a trust that pools the savings of a
number of investors who share a common financial
goal.
The money thus collected is then invested in capital
market instruments such as shares, debentures and
other securities.
The
MUTUAL FUNDS
Concept
A Mutual Fund is a trust that pools the savings of a
number of investors who share a common financial
goal.
The money thus collected is then invested in capital
market instruments such as shares, debentures and
other securities.
Th
Liability side of Bank
Balance Sheet
Details of deposit accounts and the
relevant rules as applicable for
Nomination facilities.
1
The following are the various heads in the Bank
Balance sheet
Capital & Liabilities
Assets
Capital
Cash and Balances with RB
Mezzanine Finance
Mezzanine Finance-Definition
Mezzanine financing is defined as a financial instrument
which is a mix of debt & equity finance.
It is a debt capital that gives the lender the rights to convert
to an ownership or equity interest in the com
Investment Banking
Role and Regulatory aspects
1
Introduction
Aninvestment bankisafinancialinstitutionthat
assists
individuals,
corporations
and
governments in raising capital by underwriting
and/or acting as the client's agent in the
issuanceofsecuritie
Investment Banking
Role and Regulatory aspects
1
Introduction
Aninvestment bankisafinancialinstitutionthat
assists
individuals,
corporations
and
governments in raising capital by underwriting
and/or acting as the client's agent in the
issuanceofsecuritie
Mezzanine Finance
WHAT IS MEZZANINE
FINANCE?
It is a hybrid of debt and equity financing
It is typically used to finance the expansion of existing
companies.
Mezzanine financing is basically a debt capital that
gives the lender the right to convert the
Guidelines for payment
conditions in Joint accounts
Accounts may be opened in the name of
Individuals or jointly with other persons
in the following category of deposits
1. Savings Bank account
2. Current account.
3. Term Deposits
2
Who can open SB Accoun
Banking Regulation Act
1949
1
AnIntroduction:
Till 1949, there was no separate Act for Banking in India.
It was controlled by Indian Companies Act 1956.
It was felt that there is a need for a separate legislation to
regulate activities of Banks in India.
Know Your Customer (KYC)
Concept and Compliance requirements
Banks are required to comply with
KYC norms before opening a Bank
account for an Individual or an entity.
The objective of KYC norms is to restrict
a) Money laundering
b) Terrorist financing,
Wh