Autotroph - an organism that makes its own food. "self-feeder"
Heterotroph - organism that obtains energy from the foods it eats/consumes
Producer - another term for autotroph. Examples include plants and photosynthetic algae
Consumer - another term for h
Evolution is a change in the _. - Gene pool (total of unique alleles in a population)
What is the Mnemonic for Taxonomical Classification Systems (for animals)? - King Kingdom
Phillip - Phylum
Cried - Class
Out - Order
For - Family
Good - Genus
Soup - Spe
aerobic cellular respiration - The process that releases energy by breaking down glucose
and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
mitochondria - Organelle in which the main part of cellular respiration occurs
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
What is the main difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes? - Prokaryotes don't
enclose their DNA in the nuclei while eukaryotes do enclose their DNA in nuclei.
How is the role of the nucleus in a cell similar to the role of the captain on a sports te
photosynthesis - uses light energy from the sun to power a chemical process that builds
organic molecules. Ecosystems depend entirely on this. It occurs mainly in green cells
within the leaves of plants.
autotrophs/producers - plants and other self-feeder
metabolism - the total of an organism's chemical reactions;
metabolic pathway - when a specific molecule is changed in a series of steps (with
enzymes) to a specific product
catabolic pathway - a metabolic process that breaks down complex molecules into
Chromosomes - tightly coiled strands of DNA molecules in a cells nucleus that appear
when the cell is ready to divide
Histones - Proteins that helps to maintain the shape of the chromosomes and aid in the
tight packing of DNA.
Nonhistones - Proteins gener
Cellular Respiration - the process by which cells produce energy (ATP) from
carbohydrates; atmospheric oxygen combines with glucose to form water and carbon
dioxide; exergonic (loses energy)
Metabolites - stored fat and protein; products of metabolism tha
1ATP 3NADH 1FADH2 - For each 1 pyruvate, what is produced at the end of the Krebs
6CO2 + 6H2O -> C6H12O6 + 6O2 - What is the equation for photosynthesis?
fermentation - What process recycles NAD+?
Krebs Cycle - Which process is Acetyl-CoA produced?
Chromosomes - long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes and
46 - How many chromosomes do humans have?
Binary fission - the asexual reproduction of a single-celled organism by division into two