Lecture 1 Notes: Epistemic Arguments
(1) Massive and inscrutable causal ramification is plausibly the norm for
identity-affecting actions, and actions that feature in the causal ancestry of
(2) Many of the most morally signific
Lecture 2 Notes: Rawls Suggestions
Act-Utilitarianism : An act is wrong if and only if it would fail to produce as much welfare
asany alternative act open to the agent.
Rule-Utilitarianism: An act is wrong if an only if it would be forbidden by the set of
Lecture 6 Notes: Famine Relief
General Question: How much does morality demand of us? And how far short of living up to
those demands do most of us fall?
Singer argues that it is pretty clear that most of us are in a position to dramatically increase tota
Lecture 7 Notes: Arpaly
1. What is moral worth? What are we saying about an action when we describe it as
Can we make sense of the idea of an actions meriting praise or blame in a way
that comes apart from its consequences, and from the c
Lecture 3 Notes: Neutral Reasoning
The central problem of ethics: how the lives, interests, and welfare of others make
claimson us and how these claims, of various forms, are to be reconciled with the aim of living
our own lives (p. 164)
Lecture 4 Notes: Appropriate Maximization
The Utilitarian Principle of Distribution: Society is rightly ordered, and therefore just, when
itsmajor institutions are arranged so as to achieve the greatest net balance of satisfaction summed
over all the indi
Lecture 10 Notes: Moral Luck
Control Principle: People cannot be morally assessed for what is due to factors beyond
Corollary to the CP: Two people ought not to be morally assessed differently if the only
otherdifferences between them are du
Lecture 8 Notes: Eudemonistic Pragmatism
(1) What makes a moral saint? Is it what we do? Or what motivates us? Or what our
character is like? The difference is important there may be a disconnect
betweengood motives and good actions, between good or virtu
Lecture 5 Notes: Unequal Circumstances
A descriptive claim: All men are equal.
A normative conclusion: Therefore we should treat men as equals.
I. What should we make of the descriptive claim?
There are many respects (skill, intelligence, strength, virtu
Lecture 9 Notes: OIC
Classic Incompatibilist Argument:
If determinism is true, then every human action is causally necessitated.
If every action is causally necessitated, no one could have acted otherwise than they do.
Someone has free