Soft Tissues Injuries
Soft Tissue Injuries
Millions of people suffer disabling injuries
Thousands of lives are lost each year as a
result of injuries.
The more common injuries involve the soft
tissues of the body.
Two basic types
Skill Test: Splinting
Support injured area above and below injury
Joint - Bone above/below
Bone - Joint above/below
Check for feeling warmth and color below injury
Position bandages by threading several strips above
and below injury avoiding i
Lecture 9: Cardiac Emergencies
CPR & AEDs
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause
of death for men and women in the United
61 million Americans have some form of
40% of all deaths in the US are cause by
Lect 1: If Not YouWho?
What Constitutes an Emergency?
An emergency is a situation demanding immediate
Can happen at any time or anywhere
When an emergency occurs, First Aid may be
First Aid is:
the immediate care given to a person with a
Lect 1a: Healthy Behaviors
Instructor: Denise B. Cazes, M.A.
Rules for Skill Practice
Refrain from practice on manikin if ill, cold
Remove lipstick, jewelry, gum, no eating
Be mindful of your clothing
Lect2: Responding to Emergencies &
You will learn how to CHECK an
emergency scene and prioritize your actions.
You will be able to respond effectively in
any emergency situation.
Preparing for Emergencies
Lect3: Before Giving Care
You must ensure your own safety first.
So we check the scene for safety first. . .if the
scene is unsafe, we dont go in UNTIL weve
called 911. . .then we decide how to proceed
You must protect yourself and your v
Lesson 6: Body Systems
Understanding the bodys systems and
how they interact and depend on each
other will help you give appropriate care
to an injured or ill person.
A body cavity is a
space in the body
Lect 5: Checking the
Once you determine that a victim is conscious
and has no life-threatening conditions, you can
begin to check for other conditions that may
Checking a conscious person with no lifethreaten
Lect 6: Breathing Emergencies
The body requires a constant supply of
oxygen for survival.
If someone is having trouble breathing
or has stopped breathing, you should
follow the emergency action steps:
This is a LTC and you
Lect 7: Conscious Choking
Adult, Child or Infant
Airway obstruction is the most common
There are two types of airway
An anatomical airway obstruction occurs if
the airway is blocke
The most common cause of obstruction
in an unconscious person is the tongue.
The care for an unconscious choking
adult is very similar to the skill of adult
Chest compressions are used to help
Lect 10: Bleeding & Shock
Bleeding is the escape of blood from
the arteries, capillaries or veins.
Bleeding occurs internally or
Uncontrolled bleeding, whether
internal or external, is life
Blood is made up of
Chapter 17 Bites and Stings
1. Which of the following is a signal of a mild reaction to a bite or sting?
a. Redness around the entry site
b. Redness throughout the body
c. Redness on one side of the body
d. Redness on the face
2. Why is it important to as
Heat- and Cold-Related Emergencies
1. The normal body temperature is
a. 35 C.
b. 96.8 F.
c. 98.6 F.
d. 39 C.
2. Excess heat is removed from the body when blood vessels
a. Near the heart constrict, reducing blood flow and bodily activity.
1. True or false: General care for a person with a sudden illness requires that 9-1-1 or the
local emergency number be called for every incident.
2. The general guidelines for caring for someone with a sudden illness include
a. Rushing th
Severe Bleeding and Shock
Sterile Dressing or Clean Cloth Over Wound
Firmly Press against wound with gloved hand
Apply pressure bandage
cover dressing using overlapping turns
secure bandage tying off over wound for
Health 3031: Health, Emergency Care and First Aid
Instructor: Denise Cazes, M.A.
Office Hours: Tuesdays 12:00-2:00 or by appointment
They provide shape, form and stability and
movement as well as protection for organs
Contracts and relaxes pulling on bone for
movement based on ne
Injuries to the Extremities & Splinting
Injuries to an extremityan arm or legare
They can range from a simple bruise to a
dangerous or severely painful injury, such as a
fracture of the femur (thigh bone).
The prompt care you
Injuries to the Chest, Abdomen and Pelvis
Because the chest, abdomen and pelvis contain
many organs important to life, injury to these
areas can be fatal.
Chest injuries are a leading cause of trauma
deaths each year.
Chest injuries may in
Head, Neck & Back Injuries
Each year, nearly 11,000 people in the Unites States are
hospitalized with an injury to the head or spine.
Most of these victims are males between ages 15 and 30.
Motor vehicle collisions account for nearly half
Some illnesses develop over time (chronic), whereas
others can strike without a moments notice (acute).
By knowing the signals of sudden illness and paying
careful attention to details at the emergency scene, you
CHECKING A CONSCIOUS VICTIM
ID SELF NAME
Do you know what day it is?
Three Cs check, call, care
S & S Shake and Shout
LTC Life Threatening Conditions
LLF Look, Listen and Feel
HTCL head tilt, chin lift
ABCS Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Severe Bleeding
ACI adult, child, infant
EMT/EMS emergency me
Scene for safety
Victim for LTC -check consciousness without moving
-Shake & Shout - if no response assume UC
ID self and ask for permission to treat as needed
Send someone to call 911,
Basic Steps for Giving Care Extensive
-For Safety for victim and self
-LLF without moving if possible to determine breathing and
consciousness. If not conscious
Call911 or send someone to call
If inf/child, give
Care For Wounds
Open Wound Open Wound
Do NOT wash