Review Module 100
Phylum Poriferathe sponges
-sessilestationary; no cephalization
-most are marine
-suspension feederstrap and collect food particles from water flow
-most lack symmetry
-no true tissues (no germ layers); loose federation of specialized ce
Review - Modules 98-99
Note: Any organism that is not a prokaryote, protist, plant, or fungusis an animal in Biology! This includes
grasshoppers, worms, fish, birds, humans, lice, whales, etc.they are all animals (Kingdom Animalia).
A. Most animals are in
Heterotrophic get energy from a carbon organic source
Secrete external enzymes digest before absorption
Major decomposers decomposing the organic material surrounding them.
They recycle nutrients back into the environment.
Chitin cell wall
Modules 87-93 Review-Plant Evolution and Diversity
Charophyte: A group of green algae are the closest living relatives of true plants.
waxy cuticle: Outer covering that prevents water loss.
lignin: A cell wall polymer that strengthens xylem cells.
Modules 79, 82-83 Review-Prokaryotes
Know general characteristics of prokaryotes
Pathogen: Is a disease-causing agent
Coccus: Any spherical or roughly bacgerium
Bacillus: A rod shaped bacterium
Spiral: spiral shaped
Spirilla: Short and rigid proka
Modules 76-77 Review - Phylogenetic Trees
Clade: A group of organisms that have common ancestor.
Phylogeny: Reflect patterns produced by evolution and reveal evolutionary relationship of
Node: Points where one branch splits; represent t
Review Modules 173-193 Ecology
Ecology: Study of the interactions of organisms with their environment.
Habitat: The place or type of place where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives or grows.
Biomes: Is a large region of Earth that has a
Review for Comprehensive portion of Final Exam Biology 1407 Spring 2017
Half of the Final Exam will cover information from this Comprehensive Review sheet, and
the other half will cover: ANIMAL EXCRETORY/URINARY SYSTEMS, ANIMAL IMMUNE
SYSTEMS, ANIMAL REPR
Review Modules 165-168 Immunity
1. Given any example, mechanism, defense, or component, be able to recognize it as belonging to either
the 1) innate or 2) adaptive part of the immune system.
2. Examples of innate defenses in invertebrates.
Review Modules 158-161 Reproduction in Animals
Types of asexual reproduction
Budding: Splitting off new individuals from outgrowth of existing ones the Hydra)
Fission: Separation of parent into new and semi equally sized individuals sea
Review Modules 154-157 - Urinary System
Know the definitions of all emboldened terms in chapter notes.
Understand the exchange of water, salts, and type of excretion in freshwater vs. saltwater fish.
Saltwater fish have a lower solute concentration intern
More practice with signal transduction pathways
Examine the signaling transduction pathways diagrammed below then answer the following
(figure adapted from www.cellsignal.com)
a. What are the two sign
1. In 2010, there were 3000 people per 100,000 who died of heart disease in my FavoriteCountry. This rate refers to:
a. Cause specific death ratio
b. Cause specific death rate*
c. Proportion dying of heart attack
d. Proportion dying of a specific cause.
1. Which of the following gave women a greater control over timing and frequency of child rearing?
c. Birth control*
d. Early marriages.
2. Children who grow up without a father are likely to do what?
a. Live in pover
Sample Final Multiple Choice Questions
1. Tubulin tagged with green fluorescent protein (GFP) is expressed in cultured fibroblasts. You
want to observe the dynamic instability of the microtubules that have incorporated the labeled
tubulin. Which ty
Chapter 13 - Island Biogeography: Patterns in Species Richness
Why are islands ideal subjects for natural experiments? Why do we study them?
Have defined boundaries
Are various sizes
Have varying degrees o
BIOL 2251 Opportunity 1 Review
Anthropogenic caused by humans
o the study of distributions of organisms (past and present)
o patterns of geographical variation
all of the abiotic and biotic factors
o Includes a scale from molecul
Opportunity 3 Review
Chapter 6 Dispersal and Immigration
ALFRED LOTHAR WEGENER (1880-1930)
o Plate tectonics
o Continental Drif
Explained why the same/similar species could be found in two separate,
sometimes far away, locations
There is Pale
Opportunity 2 Review
Chapter 4 Distribution of Species
Species: Group of individuals that can produce fertile offspring
Distribution of Individuals
o Geographic Range: Area over which the populations of a species are
o To a geogra
Cell Biology Exam #5 Study guide
Compare and contrast the three main types of cytoskeletal filaments.
What are the roles of intermediate filaments in a cell?
What are desmosomes? How do intermediate filaments provide mechanical strength to
Cell Biology Exam #4 Study guide
Intracellular Transport I
What are the primary functions of the cytosol, nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplasts, ER,
Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, endosomes, and peroxisomes?
What are the differences between transport through n
63 lair! 9on
Genetics 2017 Study Guide Chapter 1 Introductory Material 33% ($31 EXMMLL
Use the questions below to study and understand the material presented in class.
1. V Define the folloWing terms:
Genetics \ovaNl d?) bchocM Comm/wed
BIOL 1710 EXAM 1 REVIEW
What is evolution? Why is it considered to be the core theme of biology?
Natural selection: mechanism of evolution
Framework where all biological systems makes sense
How is a dandelion a
CHAPTER 22-RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
-FUNCTION: supply tissues with O2 and dispose CO2
-Respiratory = Collective Processes
1) Pulmonary Ventilation: moving air in/out of lungs
2) External Respiration: gas exchange between lungs and the blood stream
3) Gas Transp
do not normally occur as free molecules in nature, but as components of
glucose, glactose, fructose: six-carbon hexoses
-same formula, differences in chemical structure
Hypertension S. S.
Occupation/educational background: Sales Associate at Walmart/12 th grade (in India)
Other info: moved to America 5 years ago; eventually became financially stable
Mon/Tues 1/23-1/24. Inoculation of Media
Wed/Thurs 1/25-1/26 Microscopes, Gram stains
What is culture media?
organic compounds or carbon dioxide
organic compounds or light
Nutrients, Nutritional requir
Three different challenges
Biology of Infectious Agents 1
Nutrition, due to the intermittent availability
Occupancy, related to the need to remain in a
Resistance to damaging agents such as