Section 1 Class Lecture
Texas is a function of its economics, history, cultural, society, geography and the people that live
State and Local government have a more direct and dramatic influence on your daily life than
0 out of 1 points
A "flat tax" is an example of:
0 out of 1 points
Relative to other states, a welfare recipient in Texas gets:
0 out of 1 points
Who is prima
> Horizontal federalism has to do with the fact that Texas is only one state. When Texas makes its decisions, it must also
be concerned about how those decisions are affected by what goes on in Louisiana, by what goes on in Oklahoma, by
what goes on in su
What Impacts state government?
1. Moralistic Political Culture-The Government want to hear from the people so that the
gov could respond appropriately. Politicians arent getting into politics for personal gain.
They get into poli
When Texas became a state there wasnt a whole lot of republicans. There wasnt a lot of republicans in
the south in general. There were a lot of democrats.
A political party is an organization that elevates a certain philosophy.
During this time th
Political scientist have done a lot of research to find out which Americans are mostly to vote. They found
out that 3 key factors impact significantly someones percentage to vote.
1. As an individuals income increases, you are more likely to vote.
Two factors that we use to predict the outcome of the election. It is also important to the candidates
running for office.
1. Party identification
There is an attachment in party affiliation. It is stable and very resilient. Parties are built
In House Lobbyist
Full time traditional employee of the interest group
Focus on that just one organization
Lobbyist who are hired on contract
No standardized contract for the lobbyist
Based on the contract they could work for ju
Judicial Review- not a power described anywhere in the constitutions. Its a power that was identified in
a Supreme Court case: Marbury v. Madison 1803. It was only applied at the federal level. However then
it extended to the states in Fletcher v.
Texas became independent in 1836 but wasnt a state until 1845
Pro-state agreed to Texas being a state
Secessionist- wanted Texas to Succeed
Sam Houston- he was alarmed at how many people wanted to succeed so early in Texas States hood. He
ran for g
Lieutenant Governor-Dan Patrick is our current.
Most of his responsibilities take place is the legislator and he oversees the state senate. Not a state
senator. Probably most influential when it comes to policy making
It is a 4 year term and ther
One of the longest constitution and its one of most amended state constitutions. The state government
need approval for any new powers.
Amending the constitution
1. Proposal stage- legislators purpose. In order for it to pass it has to
A political party is an organization that elevates an ideology.
Bilingual Education-There is a large minority population in Texas and in Texas there is a lot of classes that
help them transition to English. That way these students dont get so far behind i
General elections take place in November every 2 years.
The Midterm elections, they take place in the middle of a term.
In 1869, the governors term extended from 2 years to 4 years. Since the early 70s we been working
with Governors with 4 year t
Ban Bills of Attainder
A legislative act that singles out a group of people and punishes them without trial
Federal and State level
Cant pass any ban bills of attainder
Ban Ex Post Facto laws
Retoractive criminal Law
You cant punish someone who di
In order to win the primary. In Texas there are very strict rules in order for candidates to win primaries.
Must receive the majority of the vote. 50% +1 vote.
In the runoff election it is most likely guaranteed that a candidate will get the major
Other members of the plural executive
Most of the members of the plural elective are elected. We do allow the Senate to approve them. Any
government appointees have to have had 2/3 majority. No term limits
However the Secretary of the State is ap
Part time legislature
Regular legislative sessions meet Jan-Jun on odd # years
They meet on a regular continuous basis but they spend most of their time in Washington D.C. They only
make 7,200/ year. Each legislator is given a certain amount of mo
Influence Gov. policies
Can be present in the local level too
Ex: Cowboy Stadium in Arlington
Only concerned about a particular set of interest that concern their organization/ memebers
Good: like-minded folk that group together t
Alaska relies on oil revenues heavily. Alaska will pay you for being a resident of Alaska.
There are many different ways that states will generate taxes. Some states have higher business taxes
some lower. Texas has low taxes on business. The majo