Pure water goes through a reversible ionization like this
The equilibrium constant for this dissociation is written as:
Keq = , where brackets indicate molar concentration of products (moles/liter)
Through electrical conductivity experime
Theory and Interpretation of
ORGANIC STRUCTURE DETERMINATION
How do we know:
how atoms are connected together?
Which bonds are single, double, or triple?
What functional groups exist in the
If we have a
USING HYDROGEN AS A NUCLEOPHILE IN HYDRIDE REDUCTIONS
Like carbon, hydrogen can be used as a nucleophile if it is bonded to a metal in such a way that the electron density balance favors the hydrogen side. A hydrogen atom that carries a net negative charg
The alcohol functional group is a reactivity package concentrated in a small area. Along with carboxylic acids,
ketones, and aldehydes, it is one of the most reactive functional groups in organic chemistry.
organic chemistry: stereochemistry
different numbers of atoms
that are not isomers
how to determine the relationship between two molecules: general method
same numbers of atoms
isomers or identical