Anthropo-zoonosis animal dz that can become human dz and get infected by other humans either by
one another or vector ( people fear this will happen to bird flu. For now people only get bird flu when
they handle chickens)
Dz eradication is possible by eli
Chapter 3-Maps and Geographic Information Systems
Cartography of Disease: Yellow Fever 1791-1799, NY
Outbreaks of lethal fever were the curse of the entire eastern seaboard.
Before germ theory cause was unknown and prevention was impossible.
Chapter 2-The Human Ecology of Disease
Definition of Health
Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the
absence of disease or infirmity. WHO
Health is a quality of life, involving social, emotional, m
Chapter 1-Introduction to Medical Geography
Medical geography is a sub-discipline of human geography.
Holistic understanding of how societies:
o Create and spread disease,
o Promote health,
o Provide care for the ill.
Effect of technology, modif
Int lecture 3.23 sleep and waking
Ultradian less than a day, Circadian is about a day, and infradian is more than a day like the
menstural cycle or developmental.
Circadian rhythm persists even without life. The sun as an external clock make it easier to
plague that deadly to humans. Also lyme disease or malaria) or via fomites(an object through which
transmission may happen. Like saliva on waterbottle that people share, sharing combs, sharing needles
needles would be fomite).
Infectious disease may have
-Alexander Fleming 1920s discovered penicillin, the first antibiotic
-Medicine seems to have found the cause of diseases
*History of medical geography: geography to the rescue
Germs as specific etiology is less relevant in societies where people die of he
GEOG 3357 Spatial Dimensions of Health and Disease Class Notes Fall 2015
*Medical geography sub discipline of human geography
- how societies create/spread disease, provide health/care for ill (holistic) systemic approach
Effect of: technology, m
Linear settlement lined up along river or road have worse conditions of two other settlement forms.
Triangle of human ecology: population
Physiology of indv organisms determines health consequences of any situation. Physiology depends on
genetic code and
Vector ecology: tick borne dz
Lyme dz- caused by bacerica and every stage that is not infected stays that way.
RMSF rocky mountain spotted fever caused by rickettsial agent capable of staying alive tansovarially.
Larvae are born infected. Ricks can surviv
Spatial analysis and spatial statiscs: Data integration
Buffer operations established zones of specified width around a point, line, or polygon
Overlay analysis integration of 2 or more map layers to create a map can pick or choose factors to
focus in on
long infection period to find a new host. Microbes are most virulent (intense)in the first infected
generation of host because the host cant develop anti bodies fast enough. Since agricultural revolution
and first cities that transformed the nature of hum
Smallpox viruses transmitted with droplets by air, infects only ppl, w/effective vaccination campaigns
smallpox had become the only dz eradicated from the face of the earth. Still kept in labs in U.S and
Russia. The worlds last known smallpox foci, 1978 i
refugees get nutrients in supplement forms (supplement rice proved) to survive. Storage of food and
production of food culture determines preservation techniques.
Conducting research in medical geography (new ppt/section) MAPS AND GIS IN MEDICAL GEOGRAPHY
Chapter 5-Transitions and Development
Ecologies of Population Change: Demographic Transition
Population=pop + birth - death + inmigration - outmigration
After 2000 population is growing at a lower rate.
But demographic impact of HIV was not fore