1. Describe the provisions found in the first six Texas constitutions that have had an impact on Texas
government today.
2. Describe the results of the Constitutional Convention of 1875.
3. Describe the results of the amendment process in terms of the num

Chapter 1, Part II: Predicate Logic
1
Summary
Predicate Logic (First-Order Logic (FOL), Predicate
Calculus)
The Language of Quantifiers
Logical Equivalences
Nested Quantifiers
Translation from Predicate Logic to English
Translation from English to P

Section 1.4
Question: 6 (a) : There is a student in school who has visited north Dakota.
Question: 6 (b): Every student in school has visited North Dakota.
Question: 6 (c): Every student in school has not visited North Dakota.
Question: 6 (d) : There is a

Section 1.1
4) Negation:
a) Jennifer and Teja are not friends
b) There are not 13 items in a bakers dozen.
c) Abby did not send more than 100 text messages everyday.
d) 121 is not a perfect square.
8)
a) I did not buy a lottery ticket this week
b) I bough

Chapter 1, Part II: Predicate Logic
1
Review
We have been considering statements which include a
variable and a predicate, such as 0.
We noted that this statement, which we can notate by P(x),
is not a proposition, because its truth value depends on x.

Chapter 1: Propositional Logic
1
Chapter Summary
Propositional Logic
The Language of Propositions
Applications
Logical Equivalences
Predicate Logic
The Language of Quantifiers
Logical Equivalences
Nested Quantifiers
Proofs
Rules of Inference
Pr

Political Culture: A set of shared values, beliefs, and behaviors relating to government and
politics developed through political socialization.
Economic/Classical Liberalism:
values political arrangements that permit the fullest exercise of individual l

Economics: the study of how people allocate their limited resources to satisfy their unlimited
wants
Microeconomics: The study of decision making undertaken by individuals (or households) and
firms
Macroeconomics: The study of the behavior of the economy

Chapter 1, Part III: Proofs
1
Section 1.7
2
Section Summary
Mathematical Proofs
Forms of Theorems
Direct Proofs
Indirect Proofs
Proof of the Contrapositive
Proof by Contradiction
3
Proofs of Mathematical Statements
A proof is a valid argument that