PSYCH FINAL EXAM |1
Psychology Final Exam Review
PSYCHOLOGY the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
SEVEN MAJOR PERSPECTIVES OF PSYCHOLOGY
Psychodynamic perspective an approach to understanding behavior and mental
processes that emphasize u
Major perspectives of psychology, e.g. Psychodynamic, Cognitive
Subfields of psychology, e.g. I/O, personality, social, health
States of consciousness:
Structures of the neuron:
Sleep, dreaming, circadian rhythms, types of sleep disorders,
Psychology The study of the mind (behavior & mental processes).
Major Per spectives in Psychology:
Biological/Behavioral Neuroscience What goes on in your body, how it effects your brain &
behavior. *depressed because of chemical imbalance causing abnorma
Psychological Disorders Chapter 12
Psychological disorders Anything that gets in the way of normal behavior.
Criteria for determining abnormal behavior
-Unusualness - *when someone is in a depressed state for a long period of time.
-Faulty perception or i
Social Psychology Chapter 11
3 areas of study:
-Social thinking How we think about each other.
-Social influence How the group effects the individual & how we influence the group.
-Social relations How do I think about myself compared to
Emotion and Motivation Chapter 9
Emotion Physiologically response to a stimulus. Our behavior changes. Subjective experience.
Nonverbal communication Facial expressions & body language.
Ekman (1971): Compared cultures to see if facial e
States of Consciousness Chapter 8
Nature of Consciousness
Levels of Awareness:
Higher-level awareness Focused attention. *like when youre watching a movie.
Lower-level awareness Doesnt take all your attention. *like driving & texting.
Altered states of co
Nature vs. Nurture
Developmental Psychology Looking at changes/consistencies in a life span. How theyre
similar & difference from each other across the life span.
Behavior genetics See if patterns of behavior is a genetic influen
Biopsychology and the Foundations of Neuroscience - Chapter 2
Nature vs. Nurture
Biopsychology Everything physically & biologically in the body & how it effects the mind &
behavior. *Example: stress & how our behavior is effected. How your body responds w
Thinking and Intelligence Chapter 5
Thinking and Intelligence
What is cognitive psychology? Thinking & mental processes.
Cognition Any mental process/activity.
Thinking Manipulating information.
Thinking: Developing Concepts
What is Learning?
- Any change in behavior or knowledge because of past experiences. Anything not instinctual.
What are some examples of learning?
- New born sucking its thumb is learned.
- A pearson who smokes & then quits the quitting is learne
The Science of Psychology - Chapter 1
What is Psychology?
- The study of the mind (behavior & mental processes).
The beginnings of psychology
- Relatively young science compared to others.
- Rooted to philosophy & natural science.
What is the connection t