Describing What Youve Been Doing: The Present Perfect
O Perfeito Composto
As explained in Ponto de Encontro (pp. 516-517), the present perfect tense in Portuguese is
constructed the same way it is in English and Spanish, with the present tense of to have
A formao do plural: Palavras terminadas em -l e -o
A. Oneupsmanship. You are trying to impress your neighbor by saying you have one more of
everything than he does.
Example: Your neighbor says: Eu tenho um jornal nacional.
You say: Eu tenho dois jornais n
Pluralization - Words Ending in a Vowel, r, z, m, or s
A formao do plural - Palavras terminadas em vogal, r, z, m, ou s
The basic way to form the plural of a Portuguese word (noun, adjective, or adverb) is to add an -s:
o carro vermelho
the red car
DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS
The direct object is what receives the action of the verb. It answers the question what? or
whom? in relation to the verb. For example:
Comprei um livro. (I bought what? A book)
Vi a Maria ontem. (I saw whom? Maria)
VARIATIONS IN THE USE OF DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS
The -lo(s) and -la(s) Forms
When the direct object pronons o, a, os, as are placed after the verb, their form sometimes
changes depending on the ending of the verb.
When these pronouns follow a verb infiniti
Differences Between Brazilian and European Portuguese
Dr. Blair Bateman, Brigham Young University
There are a number of lexical differences between Brazilian and European Portuguese.
Following are some of the most common ones.
GENDER AGREEMENT OF ADJECTIVES
Adjectives do not have a determined gender (masculine or feminine); that is, the concept
expressed by the adjective does not have a specific gender. However, most adjectives are either
biform or uniform.