Chapter 1 Notes
Plasma membrane: hydrophobic and hydrophilic, composed of phospholipids
and proteins, permeable.
Cytoplasmic matrix: made up of microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and
Nucleus: largest orga
Chapter 2 The Digestive System
Peristalsis: waves of contraction and relaxation of muscles to move food.
Absorption: movement of nutrients from GI to blood
Chemical Digestion: catabolic
Ingestion: taking food in
Mucosa: secretion of mucus,
Chapter 3 Notes: Carbs
Carbs DRI: 130 grams per day for adults.
Pancreatic Amylase: alpha 1,4 bond
Gamma Amylase: alpha 1,4 pancreas
Gamma Amylase: gamma amylase removes singular glucoses and is located in the brush
ADI stand for what?
Acceptable Daily Intake (page 686)
Acceptable Dietary Intake
Average Daily Intake
Average dietary Intake
2. Hormones made by the gastrointestinal tract that are released during nutrient
absorption. They increase glucose-
1. Normally, as foods are consumed, they become less desirable; this phenomenon is
A. Sensory-specific-satiety (page 469)
D. Night-eating syndrome
Extreme obesity class III has a body mass index of
Between what pH ranges are calcium phosphate stones most likely to form?
>7.5 (page 804)
Of the following foods which one is the most basic or alkaline?
Spinach (page 803)
1. Which choice BEST describes an advantage for using the Nutrient intake analysis?
A. Allows actual observation of food in clinical setting (page 141)
B. Easily standardized
C. Can be beneficial when considered in combination with usual intake
D. Is quic
Chapter 5 Notes
1. Starts from methyl end of fatty acid2. Give number of carbons, number of total double
bonds, then location of first double bond.
1. Starts from carboxylic acid end of fatty acid2. Give number of carbons, number of total