Battle of Borodino - bloodiest battle in Napoleonic era.
Russians lost more men, but it counted as a French defeat.
"Scorched Earth Policy" - used by the Russians. This
meant the withdrawal into Russia but burning everything in
sight as you left. Th
Battle of Waterloo - The final defeat of Napoleon by the
Quadruple Alliance. In Belgium. Following the battle
Napoleon was exiled to a small island off of Africa where he
Viscount Castlereagh - British foreign secretary. A rather
Frederick William III (r. 1797-1840) - Leader of Prussia, a
safe haven for Germanic people against Napoleon calling
for reforms and unification. However, Freddy didnt like
many of these changes.
Battle of Jena of 1806 - France crushed Prussia in thi
Burschenschaften - Student Associations in Germany. They
experienced Prussian reforms as children and sought to
bring them back. They were liberal. Wanted a united
Germany. Evidence of growing German nationalism.
Carlsbad Decrees (1819) - A member o
Coup d' etat - A member of the Directory, Abbe Sieyes
wanted to change the government quite radically. Needed
military support, so Napoleon abandoned his troops in
Egypt and secured the success of the coup. But once he
had control, he did not give it u
Lord Byron - Writer. Disliked by his peers in England, but
revered by many outside. Went against the Romantics in
his Don Juan in which he criticized nature and praised the
Friedrich Schlegel - German writer. Wrote Lucinde which
Toussaint L'Ouverture - African himself, he led the
successful slave revolt in Haiti. Scared a lot of Europeans
and South Americans. It was unique in that repressed
social group rebelled in the Western Hemisphere; usually it
was the Creoles.
"Temple of Reason" - During this republic of virtue the
government instituted this. Part of its de-Christianization of
France. They wanted people to worship reason not God.
Law 22 Prairial - This legislation procured by Robespierre
meant that they c
Nationalism - An intense, patriotic love or pride for ones
own country. This was born in the Napoleonic era.
Nationalism included unity, a celebration of ones culture,
and a feeling of superiority over all other countries. French
were the first to harn
Louis XVIII (r. 1814-24) - Bourbon. First monarch back in
France since Louis XVI. Agreed to rule under a
The Charter - Constitution of France. Established a
hereditary monarchy and a bicameral legislature.
Legislature was el