Classical Greek Philosophy Aristotle
Perhaps the most complete thinker the world has ever known
He defined (originated or refined) many fields including:
logic metaphysics (what is real) scientific classification scientific method
Medieval Arts and Literature
Middle Ages Arts and Literature
Gregorian Chant (Plainchant)
Established by Pope Gregory I Method of enhancing worship Monophonic (single,
unaccompanied melody line)
Sung in unison Highly conjunct (close transitions
The End of the
The "worst" century in history
Plague War Taxes Bad government Insurrection Schism in the church
Led to innovations and cultural changes
AD 476 AD 1450
Estates (classes of society)
1st Estate = The
The Age of Exploration
Why the age of discovery?
Loss of Constantinople
European trade zones collapsed
AD 476 AD 1450
How to get to the eastern trade zones from Europe?
The Discovered World Unknown Creativity
Gupta Empire (AD 320535) Major Hindu epics were written
Persecution of Buddhists Last Hindu rulers over India until modern times
Muslim involvement Delhi sultanate (11th C)
A Creativity Project
What do you think after seeing the video?
There are indeed certain instances in which social/cultural realities largely determine the possibility or lack of possibility for developing
Dravidians (2500-1500 BC)
o Dark skinned people
Settled the Indus River Valley
Pottery (oven driedkiln)
Weight and measurements for trade
o Cities were well planned
GreeceMinoan and Mycenaean Civilization
A unique type of civilization (Minoan)
o Ancient Crete
No major rivers
o Not a river society
Solved the problem through trade
Cannot grow enough food to provide for
What is creativity?
o A way of thinking and doing that brings unexpected and original ideas to fruition
The VINE of Creativity
o Valuable- it is perceived as having worth and genuinely contributing to society
o Intentional- it is the result of a delibera
Began 4000-3500 BC
Persisted as an independent nation to Roman Times (31 BC)
History divided into 4 main division
o Old Kingdom
o Middle Kingdom
o New Kingdom
o Late Period
31 dynasties throughout the entire period
Geography and stability
Middle Ages Architecture
In the Roman manner Everything done in Western European art and architecture between the:
Fall of the Roman Empire
Gothic Period (about AD 1100)
Church and University
Creativity and Churches
To what extent was the medieval church the promoter of creativity?
To what extent was the medieval church the inhibitor of creativity?
Church and Nations
Why did the changes occur?
External elements (like weather Renaissance and social stability) brought more food More food brought population increas
Alexander the Great
Greece declined after the Peloponnesian War. Greece was conquered by Phillip of Macedonia. Phillip used his son, Alexander, as a general and as an ambassador.
Phillip's Innovations in war
Alexander the Great Per
What is Beauty, Ethics, and Truth? Hellenistic Philosophy and Religion
The role of the nude in art
Difficulty in discussing art without using nudes.
Objections because of potential pornographic or erotic content. Greek/Roman and later Western Civi
Founding of Rome The Roman Race
The tale of Aeneas (The Aeneid)
Trojan prince Gods commanded him to found new race in Italy Left carrying ailing father and with son (wife died) Adventures throughout Mediterranean (Dido) Landed at Latium
The Roman Empire
Rule by One Man
The Roman Republic was based on the principle that "there would be no king."
The Republic began its decline when single rulers became too powerful. Caesar was killed, in part, because he tried to set himself up as a king.
Roman Science, Technology, and Art
Questions asked by various cultures:
What is out there? (Egyptians/Mesopotamians) Why does it exist? (Greeks) What is it good for? (Romans)
Architecture and Engineering
We need as many engineers as po
Early Christianity: Creatively Coping with Change
Transitions in Early Christianity
Success came mostly outside Palestine. Jerusalem ceased to be the central church (70 AD).
From a mostly rural to a mostly urban movement.
Byzantium Creativity Holding On
What is Rome?
Rome is a city, area, and empire Concept associated with laws, and way of life Comparable to concept of Zion Constantinople considered the "New Rome (Nova Roma)"
Building of Constantinople
Site selected by Con
Understanding the Middle East
A story from Raed AlZubi
Know Your Customers
A disappointed salesman of a cola company returned from his Middle East assignment. A friend asked, "Why weren't you successful with the Arabs?"
Know Your Customers
Early Medieval Europe
Barbarians defeat Rome
Printing press invented
High Middle Ages
Lawlessness Decline of cities Church absolutism Cool weather Survival attit
Hellenism (Spread of Greek Culture) and Alexander the Great
Greece declined after the Peloponnesian War
Greece conquered by Phillip of Macedonia
Phillip used his son, Alexander as a general and as an ambassador
o Some resentment because he was the Prin
o Standard which others are judged or evaluated
o Stylistic form (music, art, etc.)
o Stylistic period
Only one that doesnt apply to Classical Greece
Had been chosen to rule f
CHAPTER 7-Classical Greece
Classical Greece - defined art and architecture. appreciation for beauty, form, grace
and other qualities.
Athens (seaport) expanded the navy and trading zones. Exacted taxes that
enabled them to create archite
CHAPTER 6-Greek Archaic Period
Greek Alphabet -> Homers writings (foundation of Greek civilization), Aesops
fables (defined Greek ethics), Hesiods writings (defined Greek religion), and
Greek science, language because a tool for the masses (led t
CHAPTER 8-Classical Greek Philosophy
The philosophers went to the S.P.A. (Socrates taught Plato who then taught Aristotle).
Socrates Questioned everything looking for truth
Was known as the wisest man because he knew that he didnt know.
creativity of Egypt came from religious forces. (Belief in the afterworld, the resurrection,
and the final judgement of the spirit.)
Between 4000 and 3500 BC there were 31 dynasties, which is a series of rulers
7 - Aesop: Fables (Animal Stories)
Aesop was a slave who devoted his life to the study of ethics and made up fables
teach others his moral principles
The Dog in the Manger - The greatest selfishness is to stop others having what you
yourself cannot enj
1 - Code of Hammurabi (Babylonian Laws)
Code of Hammurabi - first known set of laws to be written, written in
cuneiform, inscribed on a clay tablet.
code states that Hammurabi (the king) was called by the gods to cause
no religious state